A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF LANTANA CAMARA LINN.Abstract
Lantana camara Linn. is considered as a notorious weed and a popular ornamental plant. It is noted from ancient time that plants have been an excellent source of medicine. Since very long time Lantana camara has been reported as one of the most important medicinal plants in the world. Lantana camara is used in traditional medicine system for the treatment of cuts, swellings, ulcers, cataract, bilious fever, itches, eczema, and rheumatism. Various parts of Lantana camara plant are used in the treatment of cold, headache, whooping cough, asthma, chicken pox, bronchitis, eye injuries, and arterial hypertension. L. camara has scientifically studied for various therapeutic activities like antibacterial, antioxidant, antipyretic, insecticidal, antimicrobial, wound healing, etc. Nowadays this plant Lantana camara is worked in several recent advanced techniques like phyto-extraction of heavy metals, phytoremediation of particulate pollution and many others. Various literature has reported the phytoconstituents present in all parts of Lantana camara. In last few decades, scientist and researchers throughout the globe have elaborately examined the chemical composition of the whole plant of L. camara. The plant is spread widely over Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and North-Eastern states of India. The present review is an aim to give a complete report of the literature on its phytochemistry and pharmacological activity.