DALBERGIA SISSOO LINN. AN OVERVIEW MORPHOLOGY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGYAbstract
The present review is, therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of the literature on its pharamacognosy, phytochemistry, traditional uses and pharmacological studies of the plant Dalbergia sissoo. The genus consists of 300 species among which 25 species occur in India. The generic name Dalbergia honors the Swedish brothers Nils and Carl Dalberg, who lived in the 18th century. Dalbergia sissoo is an important timber species around the world. Besides this, it has been utilized as medicines for thousands of years and now there is a growing demand for plant based medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Dalbergia sissoo is a widely growing plant which is used traditionally as anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic and antimicrobial agent. Several phytoconstituents have been isolated and identified from different parts of the plant belonging to the category of alkaloids, glycosides, flavanols, tannins, saponins, sterols and terpenoids. A review of plant description, phytochemical constituents present and their pharmacological activities are given in the present article.
Rohit Kumar Bijauliya *, S. K. Jain, Shashi Alok, V.K. Dixit, Devender Singh and Man Singh
Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
23 September, 2016
11 March, 2017
20 March, 2017
01 April, 2017