PHARMACOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF GREEN ALGAE CAULERPA: A REVIEWAbstract
From the beginning of civilization, humans depend on the natural products for their food and as medical treatment. Diversity in various bioactive compounds from marine organisms has been tested for the multiple pharmacological effects. Marine algae are surviving in a competitive environment with developed defense strategies and significant levels of chemical structural diversity with a wide variety of bioactive secondary metabolites. Therefore, algae are a promising source of novel active biochemical compounds with different pharmacological properties for the prospective development of novel drugs by the pharmaceutical industries. Microalgae (blue-green, dinoflagellates, bacillariophyte, etc.) and Macroalgae (green, brown and red algae) are the two groups of algae. Caulerpa is the genera of green macroalgae, represent the numerous bioactive compounds like tannin, steroids, flavonoids, terpenoids, sulphated polysaccharides (SP), glycosides, phenolic compounds, and saponins, etc., for significant pharmacological effects in the current medicine. Exploration of these compounds for the pharmaceutical and medical purpose, the present review focused on morphological behavior and pharmacological activities of some Caulerpa species in current drug research.
J. G. S. Kumar *, S. Umamaheswari, S. Kavimani and R. Ilavarasan
Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Mother Theresa Post Graduate and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India.
12 July 2018
22 October 2018
29 October 2018
01 March 2019