SCREENING OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM LEAF OF CENCHRUS CILIARIS L. FROM THAR REGION OF RAJASTHAN, INDIAAbstract
Cenchrus ciliaris L. (Poaceae) commonly known as “Dhaman grass”, is a common famine food used during drought and scarcity of food in Rajasthan. The present investigation was carried out to determine the phytochemical composition of leaf of C. ciliaris using gas chromatography – mass spectrometry technique. The mass spectrum of the compounds found in the extract was matched with the national institute of standards and technology (NIST) and Willey 8 library. This study could segregate several natural bioactive compounds from the leaf using solvents of different polarity i.e. methanol, ethyl acetate and hexane. Sixty one biologically active compounds were extracted amongst them Tetacontane is present in maximum amount (30.09%) with RT = 25.302 min in the hexane leaf extract. Hence the present study helps to predict the formula, structure and activity of phytoconstituents from the leaf of C. ciliaris that can be used for drug design and justifying the use of this plant to treat many ailments as herbal medicine.