SEAWEED RESEARCH IN INDIA – A NOVEL DOMAIN IN MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGYAbstract
Seaweeds are not a common weed, its valued marine plants. In Indian coast around around 800 seaweed species belonging to Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta and Rhodhophyta. Seaweeds constitute one of the commercially important renewable marine living resources. Seaweeds have various commercially valuable products such as pharmaceutical and cosmaceutical compounds, plant growth pro-moters, Nitrogen fixers, bio-energy and functional foods. The seaweeds are very rich in nutrition level, because of their low content in lipids, high concentration in polysaccharides, minerals, poly-unsaturated fatty acids and Vitamins as well as their content in bioactive molecules, marine algae are known to be a good source of healthy food. The need for marine natural products like Carrageenan, Kainoids, Polycavernoside A, chondriamides A, B and C have grown enormously in the last fifty years. Especially marine macro algae are wonderful salubrious sources of biologically active natural products. This review highlights the current knowledge of seaweed biotech-nology in the area.
K. Jayaprakash, N. Sri Kumaran* and Swarnakala
Department of Marine Biotechnology, AMET University, Kanathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
16 January, 2017
11 April, 2017
27 May, 2017
01 August, 2017