A NEW ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVE COMPOUND FROM THE ENDOLICHENIC FUNGUS, PENICILLIUM CITRINUM INHABITING THE LICHEN, PARMOTREMA SP.Abstract
Context: Endolichenic fungi are the microorganisms living inside the thalli of the lichen and found to be a new source of bioactive secondary metabolites. This is an underutilized source of bioactive compounds and has not been studied extensively. Genus, Parmotrema is one of the foliose lichens with largely rounded lobes and occurs on rocks of rain forests, sub-montane and montane forests in Sri Lanka. Aims: The endolichenic fungi available in Sri Lanka and the chemistry of their secondary metabolites have not been explored thoroughly. This study aims at exploring novel bioactive compounds available in Penicillium citrinum inhabiting Parmotrema sp. Methods and Material: The lichen, Parmotrema sp., was collected from Hakgala Botanical Garden in Sri Lanka and its fungal strains were isolated and identified by Genomic DNA sequencing. Compounds were first extracted to ethyl acetate and subsequently subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation to isolate the bioactive compounds. The DPPH assay was used to determine the antioxidant activity. The active compound/s was separated by column chromatography, and its structure was elucidated by IR, 1D and 2D-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS. Statistical Analysis Used: The IC50 of the crude extract was calculated using Probit analysis (MINITAB® Release 14.1. Minitab Inc. 2003 Statistical Software). Results: A bioactive compound, named PP-PC-03 together with PP-PC-01 and PP-PC-02 was isolated from P. citrinum. All three compounds showed antioxidant activity in the DPPH assay with IC50 values 159.6 ± 22.3, 120.1 ± 11.7 and 68.6 ± 4.3 µg/mL respectively. Conclusion: Based on spectral analysis the structure of PP-PC-03was determined as 10-Ethylidene-2,4,9-trimethoxy-10,10a-dihydro-7,11-dioxa-benzo[b] heptalene-6,12-dione and identified as a new compound. Comparatively PP-PC-02 and PP-PC-03 had moderate antioxidant activities while PP-PC-01 showed strong radical scavenging activity.
S. R. Wickramarachchi, U. Samanthi, K. Wijeratne and P. A. Paranagama *
Department of Chemistry, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.
11 November 2018
07 February 2019
08 March 2019
01 July 2019