AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON ENDEMIC DISEASES IN MULTISPECIALITY HEALTH CARE SYSTEMAbstract
Background: A cross sectional study, to determine the endemicity, by systematic investigations in institutional settings to assess the prevalence of diseases. Methods: The study was conducted by observational method over a period of seven months regarding the prevalence of particular disease and disease with co-morbidities. Among the several diseases of distinct clinical spectrum, various risk factors may presumably be contributed. This is an epidemiological study conducted prospectively at tertiary care teaching hospital which is a 350 bedded super speciality hospital. This study was conducted for a period of seven months from August 2016 – February 2017 in order to evaluate the cases for endemicity11. Patients’ demographic and diagnostic data between 20 to 80 years of age were collected from the patient’s case survey. Objectives: The main objectives of the our study was to provide awareness about diseased non communicable endemic prevalence of conditions like Diabetes, Hypertension and habitats like alcohol consumption and smoking. The intention of this manuscript would help the clinician to intervening patient’s relevant clinical and therapeutic issues for better future patient therapeutic perspective as well as to profile optimised and individualized care perspectives. This endemicity of diseases was correlated with socio-demographic parameters and patients over the age of forty years adults were included. Result: The predominant prevalence of the following diseases were in an ordinal rank as to be the first COPD, second CKD, third acute pancreatitis, fourth CLD and renal calculi respectively and so on the other miscellaneous diseases. We have also found the occurrence of diseases like COPD, CKD, acute pancreatitis and CLD and renal calculi were predominant than that of other diseases for a particular period of time in those who are institutionalized. This study would entail further investigations for the exact reason of such illness in an urban community or population as well. Conclusion: Epidemiological issues of non-communicable diseases endemicity have shown the maximum prevalence of COPD, next to the former CKD and acute pancreatitis respectively were observed in different departments of Institutional settings.
P. L. H. Peter*, P. Bhavana, N. D. M. Grace , S. Madhusudhan, T. Vinaykumar and A. R. Prasad
Department of Pharmacy, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India.
12 April, 2017
27 September, 2017
18 October, 2017
01 December, 2017