BIOMOLECULAR PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF THE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF THE FLOWERS OF CAESALPINIA PULCHERRIMA, SWARTZ. AGAINST OXIDATIVE DAMAGEAbstract
Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production above basal levels cause irreversible damage to the cell membrane, DNA and other cellular structures by oxidizing lipids, proteins and nucleic acids resulting in dysfunction of biomolecules within cells and, finally, cell death. These free radical-induced reactions are ascertained to play multiple roles in degenerative or pathological events especially carcinogenesis. Apart from the radical scavenging activity, the antioxidant potential of a test compound or herbal preparation is also based on their protective effect against oxidant-induced damage to cellular biomolecules. In the present study, the protective effect of the methanolic extract of the three different flowers of Caesalpinia pulcherrima (yellow, pink and orange) against oxidative stress-induced damage to biomolecules like lipids, DNA and proteins were analyzed in both cell-free systems and intact cells. The results showed that the flowers of C. pulcherrima rendered significant biomolecular protection against oxidative stress, both in cell-free systems and in intact cells.
S. T. Yamuna and P. R. Padma *
Department of Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
11 June 2018
19 August 2018
31 August 2018
01 February, 2019