BIOPHYTUM SENSITIVUM DC.: A REVIEWAbstract
Biophytum sensitivum DC. (Family – Oxalidaceae), commonly known as “Lajjalu” in Northern India, is an annual herb that grows at the foothills of the Himalayas. It is an indigenous medicine, used against “Madhumeha” (Diabetes mellitus) apart from being used as tonic, stimulant, and in the treatment of stomach ache, asthma, insomnia, convulsions, cramps, chest-complaints, inflammations, tumours and chronic skin diseases. It has been scientifically screened for various pharmacological activities such as anti-tumour, antipyretic, immunomodulatory, antidiabetic, antiulcer, radio-protective, larvicidal, antibacterial and antioxidant. Phytochemical investigations showed the presence of flavonoids and phenolic compounds as the major constituents. The present work attempts to compile a review on macroscopic characteristics, chemical constituents, pharmacological reports, clinical studies, formulations and patents listed for this plant. The data has been collected from major databases like Chemical Abstracts, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Abstracts, PubMed, Scirus, Science Direct, and other online and electronic databases’ which has then been systematically collated for a holistic review about Biophytum sensitivum.