CLINICAL UPDATES ON DRUG – INDUCED CARDIOTOXICITYAbstract
Cardiotoxicity associated with the clinically used drugs is a global concern of safety for healthcare professionals. Various animal models have been used to study the drug-induced cardiotoxicity but the exact molecular involvement of toxicity is not much clear. Despite the recurrent occurrence of toxicities, drugs such as doxorubicin, calcium channel blockers, antiarrhythmics and immunomodulators are regularly used. Anticancer drugs mainly anthracyclines, 5- fluorouracil and cyclophosphamide exert prominent cardio-toxicity. Till date, there is only one drug approved for doxorubicin-related cardiotoxicity i.e. dexrazoxane. Few other drugs are used routinely by clinicians to reduce the severity of toxicity which includes ACE inhibitors, L-carnitine, probucol, CoQ10, N-acetylcysteine, Vitamin E and deferoxamine, whereas antidepressants drugs, specifically tricyclic antidepressants are potential candidates for cardiotoxicity. Calcium channel blockers, antiarrhythmic and beta receptor antagonist aggravate cardiac heart failure (CHF) and left ventricular arrhythmia. Interferons, mainly interferon-α is also associated with prominent and dose-dependant toxicity. Some other drugs like zidovudine, chloroquine, cocaine, minoxidil, ketoconazole, prostaglandin E2 and anagrelide are also reported to have cardiotoxic effects. A complication associated with the use of these drugs include hypoxia, coronary ischemia, calcium overload, oxidative stress, contractile dysfunction, left ventricular arrhythmia and cardiomyopathy
A. Iqubal, S. E. Haque*, S. Sharma, Mohd. A. Ansari, V. Khan and M. K. Iqubal
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University), New Delhi, India.
05 May, 2017
26 July, 2017
11 August, 2017
01 January, 2018