GCMS AND ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF MADHUCA LONGIFOLIA VAR. LATIFOLIA SEEDSAbstract
Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia belonging to the family Sapotaceae which was also known as Mahua and Butter tree. The present study was designed to identify the fatty acids present in oil and to analyze the elements present within the seed and seed cake. After extraction of oil, it was found that the seeds were high in oil content within the kernel. The oil percentage found in seed was highest recorded as 57.59%. In GCMS analysis of oil, the oleic acid which is monounsaturated fatty acid (45.11%) was recorded highest in amount compared to others. Elements within the seed and seed cake were analyzed using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy. Concentrations of seven elements such as Calcium (35.53%), Carbon (33.56%), Oxygen (22.46%), Nitrogen (5.20%), Phosphorus (2.18%), Magnesium (0.23%) and Sodium (0.04%) had been determined in seed cake by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy. The present study provides information about the availability of some essential minerals and fatty acids, which can be used as nutraceuticals and it may also help in developing the biofuel for industrial purposes.
Y. C. Suryawanshi and D. N. Mokat *
Department of Botany, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
09 June 2018
10 August 2018
18 August 2018
01 February, 2019