HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF FUNGAL ENDOPHYTIC FRACTIONS OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA (BURM. F.) WALL NEES. LEAVES IN PARACETAMOL AND ETHANOL INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITYAbstract
The most widely used drug for analgesic and antipyretic is Paracetamol, but a change in dose at high-level yields to adverse reactions such as the toxic liver. The psychoactive compound present in alcoholic drinks is ethanol. Chronic alcohol consumption and various pathological conditions vary from basic intoxication to life-threatening pathological states. Endophytes are the microorganisms present inside the plant tissues forming a mutualistic, symbiotic and trophobiotic relationship. Endophytic organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and actinomycetes are found in all types of vascular plants and grasses. The present study reveals the protective effects of previously isolated fractions of A2EA (ethyl acetate) and A2nB (n-butanol), from the endophyte Preussia sp. PPV3.6 (APLF-2) isolated from Andrographis paniculata leaves on Paracetamol and ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity at a dose of (50 mg/kg & 100 mg/kg). A2EA and A2nB (50 mg/kg & 100 mg/kg) reversed the increased serum biochemical parameters such as serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), serum alkaline phosphate (SALP), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides(TG) as compared to Paracetamol and ethanol induced treated group (***p<0.001). A2EA and A2nB (50 mg/kg & 100 mg/kg) significantly increased the total protein levels. A2EA and A2nB (100 mg/kg p.o) also restored the lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide (SOD) and catalase (CAT) levels.
S. K. Puri *, P. V. Habbu, P. V. Kulkarni and V. H. Kulkarni
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, SET’s College of Pharmacy, SR Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
26 April 2018
30 June 2018
06 July 2018
01 January 2019