MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRICAL STUDY OF CORONOID PROCESS IN HUMAN MANDIBLESAbstract
Background: The coronoid process of mandible is thin flat triangular process from the ramus of the mandible. This varies in the shapes and size. It gives attachment to two main muscles that is temporalis and masseter muscle. The coronoid process is the favourable donor site. A Coronoid process graft can be used for alveolar defects repair, orbital floor repair, maxillary augmentation, repair of non-union fracture of mandible. These grafts can be widely used in the reconstruction of osseous defects in oral and maxilla-facial region. Aim of the Study: This study is done to find out the variation in shape of coronoid process of mandible, Intercoronoid distance, coronoid- condylar distance and the length and breadth and thickness of the coronoid process of mandible. Methods: The study was done on the 100 dry human mandibles from the osteology bank of Saveetha medical college and hospital. The distance was measured using the digital vernier callipers and the values were analysed. Results: This study is useful for the maxillofacial surgeon and this useful for determining the buccal vestibule during denture fabrication and helps us to understand the angle and extent opening of the mouth.
A. P. Gouthaman*, M. F. Yuvaraj, R. Dev, P. K. Sankaran, M. Z. Begum, M. Kumaresan and G. Raghunath
Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital - Thandalam Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
12 February, 2017
06 May, 2017
27 May, 2017
01 September, 2017