PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DRYMARIA CORDATA (L.) WILLD. EX SCHULT. (WHOLE PLANT) USED BY TEA TRIBES OF ERSTWHILE NAGAON DISTRICT OF ASSAM, INDIAAbstract
Ethno-medicinal plants have a significant role in the field of natural product research and drug discovery since ancient times. Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. Ex Schult. belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae is an ethnomedicinal plant used as a home remedy in jaundice by the tea tribes of erstwhile Nagaon district of Assam. The present study deals with the evaluation of the phytoconstituents of Drymaria cordata using methanol extract. All the standard phytochemical procedures were followed for the detection of the phytoconstituents. The preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the occurrence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins and saponins. The presence of O-H stretch, C-O stretch, C-H stretch, C-H bend, N-H stretch and N-H bend were confirmed through FT-IR analysis. Several bioactive compounds like Cyclohexan-1,4,5-triol-3-one-1-carboxylic acid, Beta-D-glucopyranose-1,6-anhydro, L-gala-L-ido-octose, 3, 7, 11, 15-Tetra-methyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol, n-Hexadecanoic acid, 9, 12 Octadecadienoic acids (Z,Z)-, 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester, Oleyl alcohol and 17-Octadecynoic acid were identified through GC-MS analysis. From this study, it can be concluded that Drymaria cordata possesses several medicinally important secondary metabolites. Further phytochemical and pharmacological investigations and isolation of the phyto-compounds is an urgent need which could be responsible for curing jaundice and several other ailments.
R. Bhattacharyya *, K. K. Medhi and S. Borkataki
Department of Botany, Nowgong College, Nagaon, Assam, India.
13 December 2018
13 July 2019
20 August 2019
01 September 2019