PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF SEED AND BARK EXTRACTS OF SWIETENIA MAHAGONI (L.) JACQ.Abstract
Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. belongs to the Meliaceae family and it is native to the West Indies. It was introduced to India in 1975 and now grown in any parts of India. Biological activities of the plant are due to the abundance of phenolic compounds including different terpenoids and limonoids. The plant possesses various secondary metabolites which are responsible for its anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-malarial, anti-diabetic anti-oxidant, anti-ulcer, anti-viral, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. This antimicrobial activity encouraged to work on identification of phytochemical and antimicrobial investigation of this herbal plant. The seeds and barks of Swietenia mahagoni is subjected to phytochemical screening for secondary metabolites and disk diffusion method for its antimicrobial activity against standard MTCC strains, two bacteria namely Staphylococcus aureus (gram+) (MTCC no. 6908), Escherichia coli (gram-) (MTCC no. 77) and one fungus Aspergillus niger (MTCC No.1344) were used for the study. The qualitative phytochemical tests reveal the presences of phytocompounds including alkaloids, terpenoids, tannins, and glycosides as major active constituents. The seed and bark extracts exhibit positively significant antimicrobial activity against the standard strains. The fungal activity was good in seed extracts, and bacterial activity was significant in bark extracts.
P. Yasotha *, K. Sangeetha and R. Rajendran
Department of Costume Design and Fashion, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
09 June 2018
01 August 2018
07 August 2018
01 February, 2019