PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF FLAVONOIDS AND MINERALS IN ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CITRUS PARADISIAbstract
Like most other plants Citrus paradisi contain various secondary metabolites with great potentials. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the phytochemicals by using quantitative and qualitative analysis of ethyl acetate, ethanol, n-hexane and aqueous extracts with the help of standard techniques. The findings from quantification and phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, reducing sugars, Phenols, proteins, amino acids, saponins, tannins, terpenoids, and glycosides. Further, the study findings revealed that ethanolic extract of fruit extract was found to have more constituents when compared with other extracts by quantitative method. Elemental analysis showed the presence of selenium (1.56 mg); manganese (4.95 mg); iron (5.12 mg); magnesium (34.5 mg) and zinc (9.85 mg). Chromatogram of flavonoid standards such as rutin, quercetin, gallic acid, hesperidin and ethanolic extract of Citrus paradisi showed the high amount of naringin. Hence the ethanolic extract of Citrus paradisi shows many compounds and may have been used in traditional medicine for prevention of several diseases.
R. Roghini and K. Vijayalakshmi *
Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi Women’s (Autonomous) College, Chennai,Tamil Nadu, India.
03 March, 2018
09 May, 2018
31 May, 2018
01 November, 2018