POLIO: A REVIEWAbstract
Postpolio syndrome (PPS) may affect survivors of paralytic poliomyelitis and is characterised by a complex of neuromuscular symptoms leading to a decline in physical functioning. The effectiveness of pharmacological treatment and rehabilitation management in PPS is not yet established. To review systematically the effects of any treatment for PPS compared to placebo, usual care or no treatment. Postpolio syndrome is characterized by the exacerbation of existing or new health problems, most often muscle weakness and fatigability, general fatigue, and pain, after a period of stability subsequent to acute polio infection. Diagnosis is based on the presence of a lower motor neuron disorder that is supported by neurophysiological findings, with exclusion of other disorders as causes of the new symptoms. The muscle-related effects of postpolio syndrome are possibly associated with an ongoing process of denervation and reinnervation, reaching a point at which denervation is no longer compensated for by reinnervation. The cause of this denervation is unknown, but an inflammatory process is possible. Rehabilitation in patients with postpolio syndrome should take a multi professional and multidisciplinary approach, with an emphasis on physiotherapy, including enhanced or individually modified physical activity, and muscle training. Patients with postpolio syndrome should be advised to avoid both inactivity and over use of weak muscles. Evaluation of the need for orthoses and assistive devices is often required.
Robin Singh*, Amit K. Monga and Souravh Bais
Rayat Institute of Pharmacy, Railmajra, Distt. S.B.S. Nagar- 144533, Punjab, India
04 January, 2013
23 February, 2013
21 April, 2013
01 May, 2013