VARIANTS OF ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST (OGTT) CURVE IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS (GDM)Abstract
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as “carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycemia of variable severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, whether or not insulin is used and regardless of whether diabetes persists after pregnancy. There is evidence that asymptomatic hyperglycemia during pregnancy leads to important morbidity in the mother and foetus. Hence, early detection and treatment of GDM will definitely reduce the complications and bring down the morbidity.
Methods: Test was performed using 100 gm oral glucose. Blood samples were taken at 1hr, 2hr and 3hr as per standard protocol. Blood glucose was measured by glucose oxidase enzymatic method and all the values were tabulated and plotted on a graph. Interpretation was done using Carpenter and Coustan Criteria.
Results: Out of the 96 women, 15 women were diagnosed as GDM. 5 out of them showed atypical pattern in OGTT curve. Similar such patterns were also seen in 5 normal subjects.
Conclusion: In GDM with mild to moderate elevation in fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin is elevated in parallel. The presence of IGT in pregnancy is predictive of poor pregnancy outcomes. High 2nd hour glucose could be a marker of poor health.
S. Gowda*, P.B. Desai , V.S. Kagwad , S.J. Shetty and M.B. Ilakal
Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Subbaiah institute of medical sciences and Hospital, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
29 June, 2012
22 September, 2012
27 September, 2012
01 October, 2012