VARIATIONS IN PHENOLICS, ANTIOXIDANT AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SALVADORA PERSICA IN TWO LOCATIONSAbstract
Phenolic extracts of crude oil and methanol extracts of defatted seed cake were used to evaluate total phenolics, flavonoids content and antioxidant activity for two locations. The seeds were evaluated for their proximate composition while oils were subjected to chemical analysis. Salvadora persica had highest phenolics ranged from 12.3 ± 0.3 to 22.3 ± 0.3mg GAE/g and flavonoids content 3.7 ± 0.6 to 6.2 ± 0.2mg CAE/g. The antioxidant activity having IC50 value ranged from 0.024 ± 0.0 to 0.045mg/ml. The highest oil content as 42.5 ± 0.4% and highest protein content was 23.3 ± 0.3%. The oil content of the seeds recorded the highest iodine value 112.0 ± 0.8g/100g. The seeds were found to be rich in Ca, K, Na and P. The dominant fatty acids found in the oils were myristic and palmitic acid.
M. Wati * and M. K. Deen
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.
21 April, 2017
06 July, 2017
25 July, 2017
01 January, 2018