A COMPARISON STUDY OF LIPOSOMES, TRANSFERSOMES AND ETHOSOMES BEARING LAMIVUDINEAbstract
The aim of this study was to compare the skin permeation of liposomes, transfersomes and ethosomes of lamivudine under non-occlusive conditions. The liposome and transfersomes prepared by thin film hydration method and ethosomes were prepared by slight modification on hot method. The Liposomal formulation (LP1) ethosomal formulation (ET2) and transfersomal (TF2) formulation showed highest entrapment 49.76 ± 2.1%, 81.97 ± 1.5% and 83.81 ± 1.4%, optimal nanometric size range 515 ± 4.6 nm, 374 ± 8.9nm and 315 ± 8.5nm and smallest polydispersity index0.529±0.019,0.432± 0.011 and 0.422± 0.009 respectively. The results of skin fluorescence experiments showed that penetration depth and fluorescence intensity of calcein from ethosomes and transfersomes was much greater than that from liposomes. Stability studies indicated that there was no significant physical change in vesicular formulation for 45 days at different temperatures. The in vitro result indicates that liposome retrain on the surface of skin due to poor permeation power, transfersomes improve penetrates of lamivudine and made drug easiest to accumulate in the skin. Ethosomes enhances permeation the drug to the deeper layer of skin and enter into systemic circulation rather than skin deposition. Transferosomes and ethosomes are able to cross the stratumcorneum and permeate drug to deeper tissue compare to liposomes.
C. K. Sudhakar *, S. Jain and R. N. Charyulu
Department of Pharmacy, Lovely professional University, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
17 May, 2016
24 June, 2016
29 June, 2016
01 October 2016