ACTINIDIA DELICIOSA: A REVIEWAbstract
Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang et A. R. Ferguson is a sub-family of the genus Actinidia, which is also known as Chinese gooseberry, kiwifruit, yangtao, etc. in China, and consists of 55–60 species. The genus Actinidia is a dioecious plant and is widely distributed on the Asian continent. It is also native to China and most of the species are cultured in the southwest of China. Out of all species, only A. deliciosa is intensely cultivated all over the world. In addition, the fruit of Actinidia deliciosa has been acclaimed for its native and medicinal values. It contains several phytoconstituents belonging to category of triterpenoids, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, quinones and steroids. The roots of Actinidia deliciosa has been used as a traditional drug in China for a long time and are reported as Chinese folk remedy for various diseases, such as hepatitis, pyorrhea, gingivitis, edema, rheumatoid arthritis, and also various forms of cancer. Kiwi fruit has been used as mild laxative and a rich source of Vitamins. The fruits, stems and roots are diuretic, febrifuge and sedative. The seeds are used as natural blood thinner.
Actinidia deliciosa has thereby recently acquired interest due to its attractive potential application in indigenous drugs.
Keyur V. Shastri*, Vidhi Bhatia, Priyank R. Parikh and Vinaya N. Chaphekar
Department of Pharmacognosy & Phytochemistry, Vivekanand Education Society’s College of Pharmacy, Chembur (East), Mumbai- 400074, Maharashtra, India
14 June, 2012
10 July, 2012
11 September, 2012
01 October, 2012