ARTEMISIA DRACUNCULUS, PUNICA GRANATUM AND BERBERIS VULGARIS INHIBITORY EFFECTS ON PLATELET ADHESION AND COAGULATION FACTORS IN RATSAbstract
Excessive platelet activity is one of the most important factors responsible for the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and, also, play important role in coagulation cascade. In this study, the comparative effects of methanol extracts of three herbs on adhesion of the activated platelets to fibrinogen coated plates and clotting factors were investigated. Artemisia dracunculus, Punica granatum and Brberis vulgaris are used as blood anti-coagulatory plants in Iranian folk medicine. Platelets were prepared and incubated with different concentration of the test samples (50-200 μg/ml) for 60 min. The treated and un-treated platelets were then activated with thrombin (0.25U/ml) and their adhesions to fibrinogen coated plates were investigated. Based on obtained data, the methanol extract of Artemisia dracunculus, Brberis vulgaris and Punica granatum at a concentration of 200 μg /ml reduced platelet adhesion to coated wells by 35%, 25% and 20%, respectively. In addition, the effects of the crude extracts of each plant on atherogenic lipoproteins were also examined. The results indicated that the LDL and cholesterol concentration were dramatically reduced by 56% and 36%, respectively, by B. vulgaris. This result provided the scientific basis for the traditional use of A.dracunculus and B. vulgaris in treatment of cardiovascular related disorders.
Elyas Hosseinzadeh and Razieh Yazdanparast*
Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, P. O. Box 13145-1384, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
22 May, 2012
29 July, 2012
20 September, 2012
01 October, 2012