DESIGNING AND PHARMACEUTICAL EVALUATION OF FAST DISSOLVING TABLET OF FEXOFENADINE USING COPROCESSED SUPERDISINTEGRANTSHTML Full Text
Received on 22 January, 2014; received in revised form, 25 March, 2014; accepted, 07 April, 2014; published 01 July, 2014
DESIGNING AND PHARMACEUTICAL EVALUATION OF FAST DISSOLVING TABLET OF FEXOFENADINE USING COPROCESSED SUPERDISINTEGRANTS
Shiv Shankar Hardenia*1, G.N. Darwhekar 2, Shailesh Sharma 3 and Anu Hardenia 4
College of Pharmacy IPS Academy 1, Department of Pharmaceutics, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Acropolis Institute of Pharmacy 2, Department of Pharmaceutics, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Department of Pharmaceutics 3, ASBASJSM College of Pharmacy, Ropar, Panjab, India
Department of Pharmaceutics 4, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
ABSTRACT: Among various novel drug delivery systems fast dissolving tablets have attracted great attention in recent years due to their ability to release the drug content gradually. Therefore the demand for this dosage form has been increased since last few years especially in patients with swallowing difficulties as this dosage form provides advantage of being swallowed without water. The objective of this research study was to prepare and evaluate fast dissolving tablet of Fexofenadine for acting as a suitable approach to the treatment of allergy together with improved efficacy and reduced dosing frequency. The tablets were prepared by direct compression technique after incorporating superdisintegrants (Ac-di-sol, Sodium starch Glycolate and Crospovidone) in concentrations (1-4%). For preliminary studies twelve (F1-F12) formulations were prepared. Optimization technique was employed to predict the best formulation of all combinations prepared. Pre and Post compression characterization was done on tablets. Then co processed superdisintegrants were used for formulation of tablets showing superior properties. In investigation 32 full factorial design was employed to investigate the combined effect of two formulation variables that is SSG and CP. Total nine formulations (FDT1-FDT9) were prepared according to factorial design with 30 seconds disintegration and 0.5% friability. The optimized formulation was evaluated for content uniformity and in vitro drug release showing more than 90% release in five minutes and followed first order kinetics. The short term stability studies was performed for three months at 450C and 75% RH, no significant changes in percent friability and in vitro disintegration time were observed. The shelf life of the formulation was predicted more than one year (372 days).
Fexofenadine, Co processed, Optimization technique, Factorial Design.
INTRODUCTION: For the past two decades, there has been enhanced demand for more patient compliant dosage form. As a result, the demand for their technologies is been increasing 3 fold annually.
Since the development cost of a new chemical entity is very high, the pharmaceutical companies are focusing on the development of new drug delivery systems for existing drug with an improved efficacy and bioavailability together with reducing dosing frequency to minimize side effects.
The oral route of administration still continues to be the most preferred route due to its manifold advantages including ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, versatility and most importantly patient compliance. The most popular solid dosage forms being tablet and capsule, one important drawback of these dosage forms is the difficulty to swallow by elderly persons because of their hand tremors and dysphasia. Swallowing problems are also common in young individuals because of their under developed muscular system.To fulfill these medical needs, the pharmaceutical technologist have devoted considerable effort to develop a novel type of dosage form for oral administration, the Fast Dissolving Tablet (FDT), tablet that disintegrates and dissolves rapidly in saliva without need of water 1.
USFDA defines FDT as ‘A solid dosage form containing medicinal substance or active ingredient which disintegrates and dissolves rapidly usually within a matter of seconds when placed upon the tongue’ the disintegration time ranging from several seconds to about a minute 1.
Hence, to enhance the patient compliance in allergy Fast Dissolving Tablets, of an existing drug Fexofenadine with an improved efficacy and bioavailability together with reducing dosing frequency were prepared to minimize side effect by using direct compression technique. Fexofenadine was chosen as a model H1 antihistaminic drug for the present study.
It is water-soluble drug and as it is not available in any such dosage form, its formulation into fast dissolving tablet form would render it to release rapidly and thereby resulting in rapid absorption without any lag time 2.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Materials: Fexofenadine was obtained as a gift sample from (Cipla, Baddi, India), Ac-di-sol, Sodium starch Glycolate, Avicel PH 102 and Crospovidone were purchased from (Signet chemicals, Mumbai, India) Isopropyl alcohol, Sodium phosphate and Sodium Hydroxide were purchased from (E. Merck, India Ltd, Mumbai, India), Dextrose and Magnesium stearate were purchased from (Loba Chem Mumbai, India).
Preparation of Fexofenadine tablets: For preliminary studies initially twelve formulations (F1-F12) were prepared with varied concentrations of superdisintegrants (1-4% w/w) to assess their efficiency and to achieve rapid disintegration using direct compression method. Formulation composition is depicted in Table 1 all the ingredients were passed through sieve no. 60 and were co-grounded in a glass pestle motor 3-5. The mixed blends before compression were evaluated for mass volume relationship (bulk density, tapped density, Hausner’s ratio, compressibility index) and flow properties (angle of repose). All these parameters were evaluated by established methods refer (3-5). The mixed blends were than compressed using single punch tablet machine (Cadmach Ahmadabad) and were evaluated for quality control parameters like thickness, hardness, friability, disintegration time, dispersion time and wetting time.
TABLE 1: FORMULATION OF DRUG FREE TABLETS WITH SUPERDISINTEGRANTS
|Sodium Starch Glycollate||1||2||3||4||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
Thickness: The thickness of the tablets was recorded using micrometer (Mityato, Japan).
Hardness 6: Hardness of the tablets was determined using Pfizer Hardness tester.
Friability 7-8: Friability was determined using Roche Friabilator Six tablets from each batch were examined for friability using Riche Roche Friabilator, Mumbai and the equipment was run for 4 min at 25 revolutions per minute. The tablets were taken out, de dusted and reweighed.
Weight variation 9: The weight variation test would be satisfactory method of determining the drug content uniformity. As per USP, twenty tablets were taken and weighted individually, calculating the average weight, and comparing the individual tablet weights to the average. The average weight of one tablet was calculated.
Wetting time 10-12:Wetting time of the tablets was measured using a piece of tissue paper (12 cm X 10.75 cm) folded twice, placed in a small petridish (ID = 6.5 cm) containing 6 ml of Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8). A tablet was put on the paper, and the time for the complete wetting was measured. Figure 1 shows wetting property.
FIGURE 1: IN VITRO WETTING PROPERTY
In vitro dispersion time 13: In vitro dispersion time was measured by dropping a tablet in a glass cylinder containing 6 ml of Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8). Six tablets from each formulation were randomly selected and in vitro dispersion time was performed. Figure 2 shows dispersion time.
FIGURE 2: IN VITRO DISPERSION PROPERTY
Disintegration test: Disintegration of fast disintegrating tablets is achieved in the mouth owing to the action of saliva, however amount of saliva inthe mouth is limited and no tablet disintegration test was found inUSP and IP to simulate in vivo conditions. A modifiedmethod was used to determine disintegration time of the tablets.A cylindrical vessel was used in which 10 meshscreen was placed in such way that only 2 ml of disintegrating ordissolution medium would be placed below the sieve. Todetermine disintegration time, 6 ml of Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8), was placed inside the vessel in such way that 4 ml of the mediawas below the sieve and 2 ml above the sieve. Tablet was placed onthe sieve and the whole assembly was then placed on a shaker.The time at which all the particles pass through the sieve wastaken as a disintegration time of the tablet. Six tablets were chosenrandomly from the composite samples and the average value wasdetermined 14. Figure 3 shows modified disintegration apparatus.
FIGURE 3: DISINTEGRATION TEST APPARATUS
Preparation of disintegrated blend (physical mixture and coprocessed superdisintegrant): The physical mixture of sodium starch Glycolate and Crosspovidone was prepared by mixing them together in glass pestle motor. The co-processed superdisintegrants were prepared as follows: blends of SSG and Crosspovidone in different ratio total weight of 10 g were added to 50 ml of isopropyl alcohol. The contents of beaker were stirred on a magnetic stirrer. The temperature was maintained between 65-70oC and stirring was continued till most of isopropyl alcohol evaporated. The wet coherent mass was sieved through sieve no 100 the wet powder was dried in a tray drier at 600 for 20 minutes. The dried powder were sifted on 120 mesh sieve and stored in airtight container till further use. For the preliminary study and evaluation only physical mixture and co-processed superdisintegrants were prepared in 1:1 ratio. Rest of ratio was prepared for the factorial design batch. The prepared co processed superdisintegrants were evaluated for the mass volume relationship, swelling properties and flow properties 15.
Development of Combined Superdisintegrants tablet: The fast dissolving tablets were prepared by the combination of two disintegrants tocheck their influence on the pre and post compression characteristics of the tablets. These tablets were prepared as methods described earlier.
Only the least concentration of the disintegrants was used in tablets to evaluate their combined effect. The blends and tablets were characterized as described earlier.The formulation of the tablet is tabulated in Table 2.
TABLE 2: FDT WITH PHYSICAL MIXTURE AND CO-PROCESSED SUPERDISINTEGRANTS
|Formulation||F13 (Physical Mixture)||F14 (Co-Process)|
|Sodium starch Glycolate||2.5||2.5|
|Avicel PH 102||50||50|
Particle size analysis: The microscopic technique was used to test the particle size distribution of superdisintegrants and their blends. The slides of powder were prepared and observed under microscope. To test the swelling of superdisintegrants in water and Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8, saliva pH), disintegrant powder were first dispersed in a small volume of liquid and the ultrasonicated for 10 minutes. The suspension transferred with a pipette to a small volume on the glass slide. The ratio of particle diameter in the dispersing medium to the dry powders were used as an intrinsic swelling capacity of super disintegrant in the test medium 16.
Mass- volume relationship and flow properties: For the mass-volume relationship bulk density (ρb), tapped density (ρt), Hausner’s ratio (RH = ρt / ρb) and compressibility index (Ic =100(ρt – ρb) / ρb) were determined with the bulk/tapped densitometer.
The angle of repose was determined using funnel method. The blend was poured through a glass funnel that can be raised vertically until a specified cone height (h) was obtained. Radius of the conical pile (r) was measured and angle of repose (θ) was calculated using the formula 17-21;
tan θ = h/r
Preparation of fast dissolving tablets (Factorial design batches): The raw materials were passed through a no. 100 screen prior to mixing. Fexofenadine, SSG, Crospovidone, microcrystalline cellulose and lactose were mixed using a glass mortar and pestle. The blends were lubricated with 2% w/w talc and 2% w/w magnesium stearate. The blends ready for compression were converted into tablets using a single-punch tablet machine (Cadmach, Ahmadabad, India). The composition of factorial design batches is shown in Table 3.
TABLE 3: FORMULATION OF FACTORIAL DESIGN BATCHES
|Avicel PH 102||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50|
Development of Optimized Fast Dissolving Tablet: After application of full factorial design and with help of polynomial terms the optimized tablet was produced which have targeted to the disintegration time 30 s and 0.5% percent friability. The optimized fast dissolving tablet was prepared with the best amount of co-processed superdisintegrants suggested by the software. The prepared tablets were evaluated for its physiochemical properties. Composition of optimized formulation is given in Table 4.
TABLE 4: DEVELOPMENT OF OPTIMIZED FORMULATION
|Sodium Starch Glycolate||5.20|
|Avicel PH 102||50.00|
Scanning Electron Microscopy: Finally to investigate the morphology of SSG, Crospovidone and prepared Coprocessed superdisintegrants, scanning electron micrographs were taken using (JOEL, JSM-35, CF) scanning electron microscope; where the samples were previously sputter coated with gold 22.
Full Factorial design: To know the actual amount of 2 superdisintegrants for the desirable property of fast dissolving tablets a 32 randomized full factorial design was used. In this design 2 factors were evaluated, each at 3 levels and experimental trials are performed at all 9 possible combinations 23-24. The amount of SSG (X1) and the amount of Crosspovidone (X2) was selected as independent variables. The disintegration time and percentage friability were selected as dependent variables.
Optimization of Fast Dissolving Tablet: After application of full factorial design and with help of polynomial terms the optimized tablet was produced which have targeted to the disintegration time 30 s and 0.5% percent friability. The optimization was done with the help of software Design Expert 7.1.6. The optimized amount of the co-processed SSG and Crosspovidone was incorporated in the tablet formulation (OPT) which was also used as the check point of the regression analysis model. The response surface prediction plots were formulated with the help of the software.
Content uniformity: Ten randomly selected tablets were weighed and average weight was calculated, the tablets were powdered in a glass mortar pestle. The weight equivalent to 150 mg Fexofenadine was weighed. The weighed amount was dissolved in 100 ml of Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8) and the solution was filtered. An aliquot of 1.0 ml from this solution was diluted appropriately with Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8) in separate volumetric flask. The content in each formulation was determined spectrophotometrically at 259 nm.
In vitro dissolution study: In vitro dissolution study for optimized tablet and marketed tablet were carried out using USP paddle method at 50 rpm in 900 ml of Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8) as dissolution media, maintained at 37±0.5o. 5 ml of aliquot was withdrawn at the specified time intervals (1 minute), filtered through whatmann filter paper and assayed spectrophotometrically at 259 nm. An equal volume of fresh medium, pre warmed at 37o,was replaced into the dissolution media after each sampling to maintain the constant volume throughout the study.
Stability studies: The optimized fast dissolving tablets of Fexofenadine were packed in wide mouth air tight glass container and stored at (45±1oC and 75±5% RH)for a period of 3 months. The tablets were withdrawn after a period of 15 days and analyzed for physical characterization and drug content spectrophotometrically at 259 nm.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In this present research work Fast dissolving tablets of Fexofenadine were successfully formulated by direct compression technique. In preliminary investigation twelve formulations were prepared (F1-F12) with varied concentrations of superdisintegrant and tablet blends were evaluated for flow properties. The powder blends of all formulations indicated good flow characteristics shown in Table 5 and after compression the tablets were evaluated for thickness, hardness, friability, in vitro wetting time, in vitro dispersion time and disintegration time. The results are indicated in Table 6.
TABLE 5: CHARACTERIZATION OF TABLETS BLENDS
|Formulation Codes||Bulk Density (g/cc)||Tapped Density (g/cc)||Hausner’s Ratio||Compressibility Index (%)||Angle of Repose (o)|
TABLE 6: POST-COMPRESSION CHARACTERIZATION
|F. Codes||Thickness(mm)||Weight(mg)||Hardness(kg/cm2)||Friability(%)||Wetting Time (s)||Dispersion Time (s)||Disintegration Time (s)|
In preliminary investigation, water, ethyl alcohol, dichloromethane and isopropyl alcohol were used for co processing of the Superdisintegrants. Water was ruled out for further experiment because gel formation occurs due to the presence of starch in sodium starch glycolate. Dichloromethane was omitted because of floating of crosspovidone and sedimentation of sodium starch glycolate. Sodium starch glycolate was sparingly soluble in ethyl alcohol. Isopropyl alcohol was selected considering the absence of gel formation and phase separation.
Particle size and swelling: The volume median diameters of superdisintegrants in different media were determined is given in Figure4. A significant reduction in swelling capacity was also observed in physical mixture as well as coprocessed superdisintegrants in Sorenson’s buffer (pH 6.8).
The strong decrease in swelling capacity of chemically modified starch may attribute to the converting of the carboxymethyl sodium moieties to its free acid form in acidic medium. Since the acid medium form has less hydration capacity than its salt form, the liquid holding capacity of the disintegrant particle reduces after deionization in the slightly acidic medium5. Therefore, the total degree of substitution and the ratio of basic to acidic substituent’s were potential factors determining the extent of influence of medium pH on the swelling properties of disintegrants and blends particles. Unlike the other superdisintegrant, there was no apparent change in the swelling capability of the nonionic polymer crosspovidone in both media. The results clears that the physical mixing and coprocessing gives better swelling than used alone due to their combined effect.
FIGURE 4: PARTICLE SIZE ANALYSIS
Table 7 reports the bulk density, tapped density, compressibility index, Hausner’s ratio and angle of repose for all studied batches. According to literature data, powder having a compressibility index between 5 to 16% is suitable for producing tablets, and those with a Hausner’s ratio below 1.25 are exhibited good flowability. Only co-processed superdisintegrant batch was fallen in the limit/range. On the evaluation of superdisintegrant angle of repose of the physical mixture and coprocessed disintegrants (1:1) was found to be 37.83o and 22.42o respectively. According to literature, good flow (angle of repose between 20o and 35o) was shown by co-processed superdisintegrants.
Therefore, it was concluded that particle size distribution and shape of the excipients would be kept the same to avoid the tabletting problem that is dependent on the flow of powder from hopper to die cavity.
TABLE 7: EVALUATION OF SUPERDISINTEGRANT
|Batch||Ratio||Bulk Density(g/cc)||Tapped Density(g/cc)||Hausner’s Ratio||Compressibility Index (%)||Angle of Repose (0)|
|Physical Mixture(SSG + Crosspovidone)||1:1||0.891±0.008||1.157±0.040||1.299±0.039||22.946±2.268||37.83±1.714|
|Coprocessed(SSG + Crosspovidone)||1:1||0.624±0.002||0.700±0.004||1.122±0.004||10.856±0.332||22.42±0.626|
FIGURE 5: SCANNING ELECTRON MICROGRAPHS AT SAME MAGNIFICENCE
- Crosspovidone; B. Sodium Starch Glycolate; C. Coprocessed Sodium Starch Glycolate + Crosspovidone
The co-processed superdisintegrants in different ratios of sodium starch glycolate and crosspovidone (1:1, 1:2; 1:3, 2:1, 2:3, 3:1 and 3:2) were prepared for the development of optimization batches. The results shown in Table 8 indicate that concentration-dependent disintegration was observed in batches prepared using co-processed SSG and Crosspovidone.
TABLE 8: 32 FULL FACTORIAL DESIGN LAYOUT
|Batch Codes||Variable Levels in Coded Form||Disintegration Time||% Friability|
|X1||X2||DT (s)||F (%)|
|Coded values||Actual Values (mg)|
- X1 indicates amount of SSG (mg); X2, amount of Crosspovidone (mg); DT, disintegration time; and F, friability. PCP used as checks point and optimized batch. (n=6)
Factorial Design: The amount of SSG (X1) and the amount of crosspovidone (X2) was selected as independent variables. The disintegration time and percentage friability were selected as dependent variables. A statistical model incorporating interactive and polynomial terms was used to evaluate the responses.
Y = b0 + b1X1 + b2X2 + b11X1X1 + b22X2X2 + b12X1X2
Where, Yis the dependent variable, b0 is the arithmetic mean response of the 9 runs, and b1 is the estimated coefficient for the factor X1. The main effects (X1 and X2) represent the average result of changing 1 factor at a time from its low to high value. The interaction terms (X1X2) show how the response changes when 2 factors are simultaneously changed.
The polynomial terms (X1X1 and X2X2) are included to investigate nonlinearity. The disintegration time and percentage friability for the 9 batches (FDT1 to FDT9) showed a wide variation (ie, 07 - 62 s and 0.349% - 0.602%, respectively). The data clearly indicate that the disintegration time and percentage friability values were strongly dependent on the selected independent variables. The fitted equation relating the responses disintegration time and percentage friability to the transformed factor are shown in Table 9.
The polynomial equations can be used to draw conclusions after considering the magnitude of coefficient and the mathematical sign it carries (ie, positive or negative). Table 10 shows the results of the analysis of variance (ANOVA), which was performed to identify insignificant factors. The high values of correlation coefficient for disintegration time, 0.99538 and percentage friability, 0.997741 (Table 10) indicate a good fit.
TABLE 9: SUMMARY OF RESULTS OF REGRESSION ANALYSIS
|Disintegration Time||37.66||-17.33||-10.50||-0.25||- 2.00||- 0.50|
|Percentage Friability||0.537||0.0451||-0.0625||0.017||-0.024||- 0.018|
TABLE 10: CALCULATIONS FOR TESTING THE MODEL IN PORTIONS
|For Disintegration Time|
|For % Friability|
DF indicates: degrees of freedom; SS, sum of squares; MS, mean of squares; F, Fischer's ratio; R2, regression coefficient.
Effect of Independent Variables on Dependent Variables: The results of multiple linear regression analysis reveal that, on increasing the concentration of either SSG or crosspovidone, a decrease in disintegration time is observed; both the coefficients b1 and b2 bear a negative sign. When higher percentage of SSG is used, higher water uptake swelling and deformation of the SSG take place, which gives internal pressure to tablet to disintegrate due the swelling of the disintegrant. The water uptake and subsequent disintegration were thus facilitated. It is obvious that in the presence of higher percentage of disintegrant crosspovidone, wicking is facilitated. An increase in the concentration of SSG leads to an increase in friability because the coefficient b1 bears a positive sign. When a higher percentage of SSG was used, low compressible tablets were produced, which were mechanically weak. The increase in the concentration of crosspovidone results in decreased friability values because b2 bears a positive sign. Crosspovidone was known to produce mechanically strong tablets. Results were shown in response surface plot for disintegration time and percent friability (Figure 6-9)
FIG. 6: RESPONSE SURFACE FOR DISINTEGRATION FIG. 7: RESPONSE SURFACE FOR PERCENT TIME
FIG. 8: CONTOUR PLOT FOR DISINTEGRATION TIME FIG. 9: CONTOUR PLOT FOR PERCENT FRIABILITY
The optimization of the fast dissolving tablet was decided to target disintegration time 30 second and percent friability is 0.5%. The optimized concentration was obtained by software as clears in the surface response prediction curves. Optimization results are shown in Table 11 (Figure 10). A checkpoint batch OPT was prepared at X1 = 0.08 level and X2 = 0.58 level. From the full model, it was expected that the friability value of the checkpoint batch should be 0.499, and the value of disintegration time should be 30.00 s. Table 11 indicates that the results were as expected. Thus, we can conclude that the statistical model was mathematically valid. The optimized formula was characterized for its blend properties and tablet characterization.
TABLE 11: OPTIMIZATION OF FAST DISSOLVING TABLET
|Name||Goal||Lower Limit||Upper Limit|
|SSG||is in range||-1||1|
|Crospovidone||is in range||-1||1|
|DT (s)||is target = 30||7||62|
|Friability (%)||is target = 0.5||0.349||0.602|
|SSG (X1)||Crospovidone (X2)||DT (s)||Friability (%)||Desirability|
FIG. 10: RESPONSE SURFACE FOR OPTIMIZED FORMULATION
In vitro Drug Release Studies: In vitro drug release experiments were performed at 37±0.5o in seven basket dissolution apparatus for the optimized formulation and conventional marketed tablet. The release data obtained were subjected to the kinetic treatment to know the type and order of drug release. The obtained data from in-vitro drug release study were tabulated and represented graphically as, Cumulative percentage drug released v/s Time (Zero order release kinetics) and Log cumulative percentage drug retained v/s Time (First order release kinetics).
The drug release was at the end of 5 minutes was more than 90% in optimized fast dissolving tablet whereas only 57.38% drug was released in marketed formulation.Results indicated that the plots of log cumulative % drug retained vs time of formulations were fairly linear as indicated by their high regression. Therefore, it was ascertained that the drug release from formulation could follow first order kinetics. The results of dissolution profile for the optimized formulation and marketed formulation are shown in Table 12-13 and Fig. 11-12. The data for the fitted kinetic model is shown in Table 14.
TABLE 12: DISSOLUTION RELEASE PROFILE OF OPTIMIZED FAST DISSOLVING TABLET
|Time (min)||Cumulative Mean Percent Drug Released ± S.D.|
FIG. 11: COMPARISON OF ZERO ORDER RELEASE FIG. 12: COMPARISON OF FIRST ORDER RELEASE PROFILE PROFILE
TABLE 13: DISSOLUTION RELEASE PROFILE OF OPTIMIZED FAST DISSOLVING TABLET
|Time (min)||Log Cumulative Mean Percent Drug Retained ± S.D.|
TABLE 14: FIT OF VARIOUS KINETIC MODELS FOR TABLETS OF FEXOFENADINE
|Formulation Code||Zero Order||First Order|
|R2||K (mg/min)||R2||K (min-1)|
Temperature Dependent Stability Studies: The optimized fast dissolving tablets of Fexofenadine were packed in wide mouth air tight glass container and stored at (45+1o and 75+5% RH)for a period of 3 months.
TABLE 15: EFFECT OF STORAGE CONDITION ON OPTIMIZED TABLET
|Weight||Hardness||Friability||Disintegration Time (s)||Drug Content|
CONCLUSION: In the present study fast dissolving tablets of Fexofenadine was optimized, prepared and evaluated. Fast dissolving tablets proved to be a potential carrier for the selected anti-histaminic drug (Fexofenadine) in terms of rapid and complete absorption in the body and for achieving therapeutic success. Co processing of excipients (Sodium starch Glycolate with Crosspovidone) could lead to superior properties compared with simple physical mixture of their components or with individual components.
By comparison with the experimental optimized preparation, the observed responses after performing experiment were in close agreement with the predicted values of the optimized formulation, thereby demonstrating the feasibility of the optimization procedure in development of fast dissolving tablets.
It can be concluded that by adopting a systematic formulation approach, an optimum point could be reached in the shortest time with minimum efforts. The fast dissolving tablets of anti-histaminic drug were found to be a better option in the each treatment of allergic conditions by providing fast onset of action and thus leading to patient convenience and compliance.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT: The authors gratefully acknowledge for Pharmaceutics Research Lab of ASBASJSM College of Pharmacy for financial support of this project.
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How to cite this article:
Hardenia SK, Darwhekar GN, Sharma Sand Hardenia A: Designing and Pharmaceutical Evaluation of Fast Dissolving Tablet of Fexofenadine Using Coprocessed Superdisintegrants. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2014; 5(7): 3018-30.doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.5 (7).3018-30.
All © 2014 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
Shiv Shankar Hardenia*, G.N. Darwhekar , Shailesh Sharma and Anu Hardenia
College of Pharmacy IPS Academy , Department of Pharmaceutics, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
22 January, 2014
25 March, 2014
07 April, 2014
01 July, 2014