DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF MONTELUKAST SODIUM, LEVOCETIRIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE AND ACEBROPHYLLINE IN FIXED-DOSE COMBINATION TABLETSHTML Full Text
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF MONTELUKAST SODIUM, LEVOCETIRIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE AND ACEBROPHYLLINE IN FIXED-DOSE COMBINATION TABLETS
Butala and T. Khan *
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Quality Assurance, SVKM’s Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
ABSTRACT: A fixed-dose combination of montelukast sodium, levocetirizine dihydrochloride, and acebrophyl line is used in the treatment of asthma, COPD, allergic rhinitis and other conditions where patients feel difficulty in breathing. The present study was designed to develop and validate a simple, sensitive, precise and accurate isocratic reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium (MTKT), levocetrizine dihydrochloride (LTZ) and acebrophyl line (ABP) in fixed-dose combination tablets. Chromatographic separation of these drugs was achieved on Hypersil ODS C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5µm) as stationary phase. A mixture of methanol, acetonitrile and 20 mM ammonium acetate buffer in the ratio of 60:30: 10v/v was used as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min with detection at 232 nm at a column temperature set at 35 ℃. The total elution time for the three drugs was about 10 min. The developed method was validated by conducting system suitability, selectivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, limits of detection, and limits of quantification as per ICH guidelines. The method was accurate with assay values of 99.89% w/w for LTZ, 100.30% w/w for ABP and 100.59%w/w for MTKT, precise with intra-day and inter-day % RSD less than 2% and robust with % RSD less than 2% for the three drugs. The developed method can be applied to simultaneously quantify fixed-dose combination products containing LTZ, ABP and MTKT.
Keywords: Montelukast sodium, Levocetirizine dihydrochloride, Acebrophylline, RP-HPLC, Analytical method development, Validation
INTRODUCTION: Montelukast (MTKT) is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA). It works by blocking the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by binding to it.
This reduces bronchoconstriction and results in less inflammation. Because of this mechanism of action, it is used in the treatment of acute asthma attack. Levocetirizine (LTZ) is a third-generation non-sedative antihistamine indicated to relieve symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis 2.
Acebrophyl line (ABP), a mixture of theophylline-7-acetate and ambroxol is a mucolytic and bronchodilator used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It works by relaxing the airway muscles and also loosens mucus, making it easier to breathe 3, 4.
A fixed-dose combination of MTKT, ABP and LTZ, is available in the market by INTAS (LUKOTAS-tablet) to treat allergic asthma. An exhaustive literature survey indicated that many analytical methods were reported to estimate MTKT, ABP and LTZ individually and in combination in fixed-dose combination products 5, 31.
However, no HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of the three drugs i.e., MTKT, ABP and LTZ) has been reported till date. The present study aims to develop a quick, sensitive, accurate and reproducible HPLC method for the estimation of MTKT, ABP and LTZ in a fixed dose combination product that can be used in routine analysis in the pharmaceutical industry.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Materials: MTKT, ABP, and LTZ were obtained from Morepen, Ami Lifesciences Pvt. Ltd and Chandra life sciences respectively. Lukotas tablets containing 5 mg of LTZ, 10 mg MTKT, and 200 mg ABP were taken for this study. The reagents used were of analytical grade. Distilled and de-ionized HPLC-grade water, HPLC grade methanol, HPLC grade acetonitrile, ammonium acetate and orthophosphoric acid were purchased from S.D. Fine Chem Ltd.
Preparation of Diluent: A mixture of methanol: 20 mM ammonium acetate buffer pH 5.5: acetone trile was prepared in the ratio of 1:1:1 to be used as a diluent.
Preparation of Standard Stock Solution: 10 mg each of MTKT, ABP, and LTZ standards were accurately weighed and transferred to respective 100 ml clean, dry volumetric flask to which 80 ml of methanol was added and sonicated for 5 min and made up to the volume with methanol to obtain a concentration of 100 µg/ml of each drug.
Preparation of Working Standard Solution of MTKT, LTZ and ABP: A working standard solution was prepared by pipetting 1 ml each from a stock solution of 100 µg/ml of MTKT and LTZ and transferred to 10 ml clean, dry volumetric flask to which 2 ml aliquot from a stock solution of 100 µg/ml of ABP was added and volume was made up to the mark with the diluent to produce 10 µg/ml of MTKT and LTZ each and 20 µg/ml of ABP.
Preparation of Sample Solution: 20 tablets were weighed and crushed. A powder equivalent to 2 mg of LTZ, 80 mg ABP, and 4 mg MTKT was weighed and transferred to 100 ml volumetric flask to which an additional 4 mg standard of LTZ and MTKT was added. 75 ml of methanol was added to the flask and was sonicated for 15 min. Later volume was made up to the mark using methanol. The sample solution was then filtered through 0.45 µm Whatman filter paper. 1 ml of this filtrate was then transferred to a clean dry 10 ml volumetric flask and made up to the mark using a diluent to produce 6 µg/ml of LTZ, 8 µg/ml of MTKT, and 80 µg/ml of ABP.
Chromatographic Conditions: Chromatographic conditions were selected to better separate drugs with the minimum time required for analysis. Chromatographic separation was achieved on the Hypersil ODS C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) as stationary phase. The mixture of methanol, acetonitrile, and 20 mM ammonium acetate buffer in the ratio of 60:30: 10v/v was used as a mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min. The UV detection was carried out at 232 nm with column temperature set at 35 ℃.
RP-HPLC Method Development and Optimization Studies: Preliminary trials using different columns, varying mobile phase compositions, varying flow rates at several wavelengths were employed for simultaneous estimation of MTKT, LTZ, and ABP in a fixed dose combination product. The wavelength of 232 nm was selected as it was found to produce less noise, gave good resolution, peak purity, peak symmetry. Out of the several methods tried a method giving better separation of drugs was finally obtained. This method was further optimized to curtail the tailing effect to obtain better peak shape with a good number of theoretical plates. System suitability study was then conducted using standard preparation and evaluated after every 6 injections. Several validation parameters such as specificity, linearity, LOD and LOQ determination, precision, accuracy, and robustness were then performed to validate the developed method for its intended use. A typical RP-HPLC chromatogram for simultaneous determination of ABP, LTZ, and MTKT from standard preparation is shown in Fig. 1.
FIG. 1: CHROMATOGRAM OF ABP, LTZ AND MTKT IN STANDARD SOLUTION
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
Method Validation Studies of Optimized Analytical Method: The developed RP-HPLC method was validated for parameters like
System suitability, linearity, accuracy, precision, LOD, LOQ and robustness as per ICH guide 32.
System Suitability Studies: A standard solution was prepared as per the test method and injected into the chromatographic system. The system suitability parameters theoretical plates, resolution and asymmetry factor were evaluated. The system suitability parameters are tabulated in Table 1. All parameters were found to be within limits.
TABLE 1: SYSTEM SUITABILITY STUDIES
|Analytes||Mean retention time (min)||Mean tailing factor (T)||Mean theoretical plates (N)||Mean resolution (R)|
FIG. 2: LINEARITY STUDY OF MTKT
FIG. 3: LINEARITY STUDY OF LTZ
Specificity Studies: Specificity is the ability to assess the analyte unequivocally in the presence of components that may be expected to be present such as impurities, degradation product and excipient.
Specificity was determined by injecting blank and placebo samples and was analyzed for any inter-ference. No peaks/interferences were observed at the retention time of the three drugs. The analytical method was found to comply with the acceptance criteria indicating that the developed method was specific.
Linearity Studies: A concentration range of 2-12 µg/ml for MTKT and LTZ and 20-120µg/ml for ABP was selected for linearity studies. The linearity studies of MTKT, LTZ, ABP were performed in triplicate. A calibration curve was obtained by plotting the average peak area of each drug against each concentration level is shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5.
FIG 4: LINEARITY STUDY OF THEOPHYLLINE -7-ACETATE
FIG 5: LINEARITY STUDY OF AMBROXOL
The linearity studies indicated in Table 2. exhibited an excellent correlation between average peak area and concentration for all the drugs.
The correlation coefficient for the three drugs was found to be greater than 0.999, which meets method validation acceptance criteria, and thus, the method was said to be linear for all three drugs.
TABLE 2: LINEARITY STUDIES
Limit of Detection (LOD) and Limit of Quantitation (LOQ) Study: The LOD and LOQ were determined based on the standard deviation of y-intercept and slope of a regression line. LOD and LOQ were calculated by using the formulae given below
LOD = 3.3 σ / S, LOQ = 10 σ / S
Where, σ is the standard deviation of the response and S is the slope of the calibration curve.
Limit of Detection: The limit of detection of MTKT, LTZ, theophylline-7-acetate, ambroxol was found to be 0.35 µg/ml, 0.21 µg/ml, 3.24 µg/ml, 4.11 µg/ml respectively.
Limit of Quantification: The limit of quantification of MTKT, LTZ, theophylline-7-acetate, ambroxol was found to be 1.07 µg/ml, 0.63 µg/ml, 9.80 µg/ml, 12.45 µg/ml, respectively.
Precision Studies: Repeatability study, intraday precision study at different time points and interday precision study on three consecutive days were carried out for MTKT, LTZ and ABP at concentration of 10μg/ml, 10μg/ml and 20μg/ml respectively. % RSD was calculated from the average peak area obtained. The results obtained are presented in Table 3.
Accuracy Studies: To ensure the reliability and accuracy of the method, recovery studies were carried out for all the drugs at three different levels by using the standard addition method.
Standard known amount of LTZ (1.6 μg/ml for 80%, 2 μg/ml for 100% and 2.4 μg/ml for 120%), MTKT (3.2 μg/ml for 80%, 4 μg/ml for 100%, 4.8 μg/ml for 120 μg/ml), ABP (64 μg/ml for 80%, 80 μg/ml for 100% and 96 μg/ml for 120%) was added to sample at three different concentrations i.e. 80%, 100%, 120% of test concentration (n=3) and percent recovery were calculated. The result of percent recovery of MTKT, LTZ and ABP is represented in Table 4-7.
TABLE 3: PRECISION STUDIES OF LTZ, MTZ AND ABP
|Studies conducted||% RSD of LTZ (10 µg/ml)||% RSD of MTZ (10 µg/ml)||% RSD of ABP (20 µg/ml)|
|% RSD of Theophylline-7-acetate (20 µg/ml)||% RSD of Ambroxol (20µg/ml)|
|Interday precision study carried out at 0, 4, 8 h||0.26||0.77||0.28||0.36|
|Intraday precision studies carried out on three consecutive days||0.18||0.45||0.28||0.36|
The % RSD of LTZ, MTKT and ABP was found to be not more than 2% for all three studies conducted. Thus the method was found to comply with the acceptance criteria, indicating that the method was precise.
TABLE 4: ACCURACY STUDY OF MTKT
|% Recovery||Mean % recovery||SD||%RSD|
TABLE 5: ACCURACY STUDY OF LTZ
|%Recovery||Mean % recovery||SD||%RSD|
TABLE 6: ACCURACY STUDY OF THEOPHYLLINE-7-ACETATE
|Amount spiked (µg/ml)||Amount found (µg/ml)||% Recovery||Mean % recovery||SD||%RSD|
Robustness Study: The robustness of an analytical procedure measures its capacity to remain unaffected by small but deliberate variations in method parameters and indicates its reliability during normal usage. A deviation of ± 2 ℃ in column temperature, ± 0.2 ml/min in flow rate and ± 0.1 pH of the buffer, were tried individually. A standard solution mixture of MTKT, ABP and LTZ (10 μg/ml, 20 μg/ml, 10 μg/ml, respectively) was injected into the specified changes in operational conditions instrument in triplicate. % RSD was reported in Table 8.
TABLE 7: ACCURACY STUDIES OF AMBROXOL
|% Recovery||Mean % recovery||SD||%RSD|
TABLE 8: ROBUSTNESS STUDY
|Analyte||Flow rate (ml/min)||% RSD||Column temperature (℃)||% RSD||pH of buffer||% RSD|
CONCLUSION: The proposed RP-HPLC method was found to be simple, accurate, precise, robust, and rapid the method was found to give good separation between the three compounds with a short analysis time. Hence the method can be used in quality control laboratories with respect to routine analysis for the assay of tablets containing MTKT, LTZ, and ABP.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: Nil
- Raja1 T and Lakshmana Rao A: Development and validation of a reversed phase HPLC method for simultaneous determination of levocetirizine and montelukast sodium in tablet dosage form. Int J Res Pharm Chem 2012; 2(4): 2231-81.
- Basu A, Basak K, Chakraborty M and Rawat S: Simultaneous RP-HPLC estimation of levocetirizine hydrochloride and montelukast sodium in tablet dosage form. Inte of Pharm Tech Res 2011; 3(1): 405-10.
- Ravisankar M, Subasin U, Thangadhurai AS, Karthikeyan S and Sekar CE: Validated RP - HPLC method for determination of montelukast sodium and levocetirizine in bulk and its pharmaceutical formulations using UV-VIS detector. Pharmatutororg.
- Rathore A, Sathiyanarayanan L and Mahadik KR: Development of validated HPLC and HPTLC methods for simultaneous determination of levocetirizine dihydrochloride and montelukast sodium in bulk drug and pharmaceutical dosage form. Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta 2010; 2153-35.
- Gupta NK, Babu AM and Gupta P: Simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium and levocetirizine HCl by RP-HPLC method development in pharmaceutical tablet dosage form. Int J Pharm Edu 2013; 2(4): 32-9.
- Jayasimha N, Reddy VK and Goud KSE: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for simultaneous determination of montelukast sodium and levocetirizine dihydrochloride tablets. Pelagia Research Library Der Pharmacia Sinica 2015; 6(9): 8-14.
- Ramesh J: Simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium and levocetrizine hydrochloride by RP-HPLC method. Asian J Res Chem 2010; 3(4): 1069-72.
- Prasad CMK, Vidyasagar G, Rao KRS Induri M and Ramanjeneyulu S: Development of validated liquid chromatographic method for estimation of levocetirizine from pharmaceutical dosage forms. J Appl Sci 2011; 1(10): 95-7.
- Khedkar AN, Rakh MS and Rao JR: RP-HPLC method development and validation for the simultaneous estimation of levocetirizine, pseudoephedrine and ambroxol in bulk and in tablets. J Pharm Res 2012; 5(5): 2949-53.
- Venkateswari P, Kumar GVS, Puranik SB, Srinivas S and Reddy R: Development of stability indicating RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of ambroxol hydrochloride and levocetirizine dihydrochloride. Int J Adv Pharm Anal 2012; 2(2): 34-40.
- Jain N, Jain DK, Jain R, Patel VK, Patel P and Jain SK: Bioanalytical method development and validation for the determination of levocetirizine in pharmaceutical dosage form and human plasma by RP-HPLC. J App Pharm Sci 2016; 6(10): 63-7.
- Lakshmi S, Niranjan MS, Somashera PL and Rajendra CE: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of candesartan cilexetil and levocetirizine hydrochloride. Chem Sci Trans 2014; 3(1): 193-200.
- Arayne MS, Sultana N and Nawaz M: Simultaneous quantification of cefpirome and cetirizine or levocetirizine in pharmaceutical formulations and human plasma by RP-HPLC. J Anal Chem 2008; 63(9): 881-87.
- Gopalakrishnan S, Chitra TA, Aruna A and Chenthilnathan A: Development of RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of ambroxol hydrochloride, cetirizine hydrochloride and antimicrobial preservatives in combined dosage form. Der Pharma Chemica 2012; 4(3): 1003-15.
- Saraswathi D, Gigi GP, Niraimathi V and Jerad SA: Estimation of acebrophylline in pharmaceutical oral solid dosage form by RP-HPLC. J Pharm Res 2010; 9(3): 115-6.
- Susmita AG, Aruna G, Angalaparameswari S and Padmavathamma M: Simultaneous estimation of acebrophylline and acetylcysteine in tablet dosage form by RP-HPLC method. Asian J Pharm Res 2015; 5(3): 143-50.
- Revathi R, Ethiraj T, Thenmozhi P, Saravanan VS and Ganesan V: High performance liquid chromatographic method development for simultaneous analysis of doxofylline and montelukast sodium in a combined form. Pharm Methods 2011; 2(4): 223-8.
- Tukaram MK, Risha RW and Rajendra K: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for estimation of montelukast sodium and fexofenadine hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations. C Sci T 2013; 2(3): 889-99.
- Vekaria H, Limbasiya V and Piyush P: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium and fexofenadine hydrochloride in combined dosage form. J Pharm Res 2013; 6: 134 -9.
- Devi NK, Rani AP, Madhavi BR and Mrudula BS: New RP- HPLC method for the analysis of montelukast sodium in pharmaceutical dosage forms. Int J Chem Tech Res 2010; 2(1): 471-5.
- Bonthu MG, Atmakuri LR and Jangala VR: Method development and validation for simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium and desloratadine by RP-HPLC. Amer J Anal Chem 2015; 6: 651-8.
- Krupali KP, Bhumika S, Shailesh VLS and achin BN: Development and validation of stability indicating RP-HPLC method for montelukast sodium and desloratadine in pharmaceutical dosage form. J Pharm Sci Biosci Res 2016; 6(3): 291-9.
- Lakshmana Rao: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for the determination of montelukast sodium in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulation. Int J Pharm Chem Biol Sci 2011; 1(1): 12-6.
- Selvadurai Muralidharan: Newly developed and validated method of montelukast sodium estimation in tablet dosage form by ultraviolet spectroscopy and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography. PTB Reports 2016; 2(2): 27-30.
- Kumaraswamy Gandla et.al: Simultaneous RP-HPLC method for estimation of rupatadine fumarate and montelukast sodium in tablet dosage form Der Pharma Chemica 2012; 4(5):1819-25.
- Saeed-ul-hassan S: Determination of montelukast sodium in raw material and solid dosage form using reverse phase HPLC. Asian J Chem 2013; 25(13): 7481-4.
- Prashanth Kumar K: Stability indicating RP-HPLC method for the estimation of montelukast in pharmaceutical dosage form, IOSR J Pharm Biol Sci 2012; 1():631-6.
- International Conference on Harmonisation Validation of Analytical Procedures Text and Methodology Q2 (R1) Federal Register 2005; 1-9.
How to cite this article:
Butala S and Khan T: Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of montelukast sodium, levocetrizine dihydrochloride and acebrophylline in fixed dose combination tablets. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2021; 12(9): 4851-57. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.12(9).4851-57.
All © 2021 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
S. Butala and T. Khan *
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Quality Assurance, SVKM’s Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
23 March 2020
08 July 2021
09 July 2021
01 September 2021