DEVELOPMENT OF REVERSE PHASE HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY METHOD AND ITS VALIDATION FOR ESTIMATION OF FORMOTEROL FUMARATE ROTA CAPSHTML Full Text
DEVELOPMENT OF REVERSE PHASE HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY METHOD AND ITS VALIDATION FOR ESTIMATION OF FORMOTEROL FUMARATE ROTA CAPS
Siraj Ahmed*1, B. Jayakar 2 and M. A. Aleem 1
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, MESCO College of Pharmacy 1, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Vinayaka missions College of Pharmacy 2, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
ABSTRACT:A simple, rapid and reproducible HPLC method was developed and validated for the estimation of Formoterol Fumarate Rotacaps. Symmetry C8 (4.6×150mm, 5 µ) column, in isocratic mode with mobile phase containing Ammonium Acetate Buffer pH 5.0 and Acetonitrile (80:20) was used. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min and the analyte was monitored at 254 nm. The retention time for Formoterol was about 4.6 mins. The system was validated for precision, accuracy, linearity, limit of detection and limit of quantitation. The Linearity was obtained in the concentration range of 30µg/ml to 180µg/ml with correlation coefficient of 0.999. The percentage recovery of Formoterol was found to be in the range of 98% -102%. Therefore it was concluded that the proposed method can be used for routine analysis of Formotero Fumarate Rota caps.
|Keywords:Reverse phase HPLC,
INTRODUCTION: Formoterol fumarate is a selective β-2-adreno receptor agonist 1, is chemically N- [2-hydroxy- 5- [1- hydroxy-2- [2- (4-methoxyphenyl)-1- methyl- ethyl] amino- ethyl] - phenyl] methanamide 2. Methods for analysis of formoterol fumarate as reviewed from published literature are HPLC 3, 4, Gas Chromatography 5, Spectro photometeric 6 and Electrophoresis 7. In the present work, efforts have been made to develop simple, rapid, specific and sensitive RP-HPLC method for thedetermination of Formoterol Fumarate in dosage form for a routine analysis and to validate the Propose method according to ICH guidelines 8, 9. Review of the literature for Formoterol Fumarate regarding its physical and chemical properties, various analytical methods that were conducted for Formotero Fumarate form the basis for development of new analytical RP-HPLC method for Formoterol Fumarate rota caps formulation.
MATERIALS AND METHOD: Formoterol Fumarate was obtained as a gift sample from Pharma-train Laboratories Ltd., and Ammonium acetate, Acetonitrile, Hydrochloric Acid, Glacial Acetic Acid and all other ingredients used were AR Grade.
Development of the Method by RP-HPLC: Buffer preparation: Weighed 7gms of Potassium dihyrogen ortho phosphate into 1000ml of HPLC water and the pH was adjusted to 5 with orthophosphoric acid, filtered through 0.45µm membrane filter and degassed.
Mobile phase: Buffer and acetonitrile were mixed in the ratio of 80: 20 and sonicated to degas.
Standard preparation: Accurately weigh and transfer 30 mg of Formoterol Working standard into a 100 mL volumetric flask add about 70 mL of diluent and sonicated to dissolve it completely and make volume up to the mark with the same solvent (Stock solution).Further pipetted 4 ml of the above stock solution into a 10ml volumetric flask and diluted up to the mark with diluent, mixed well and filtered through 0.45µm filter.
Preparation: Weigh 100 Formoterol Fumarate Rotacaps and calculate the average weight. Remove the capsule shells and accurately weigh and transfer the content of test substance into a 10mL volumetric flask. Added about 1ml dilute Hydrochloric acid and sonicated to dissolve it completely and made volume up to the mark with diluents. Mixed well and filter through 0.45µm filter.
Procedure:Separately injected 10ml of the blank, Standard and sample solution into the chromatographic system, chromatographs are recorded and the peak areas were measured.
TABLE 1: CHROMATOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS USED FOR METHOD DEVELOPMENT
|Chromatographic conditions||Trail 1||Trail 2||Trail 3||Optimized Method|
|Flow rate||1.0 ml/min||1.0 ml/min||1.0 ml/min||1.0 mL per min|
|Column||Ace c8||Agilent XDB C8||Agilent XDB C8||Symmetry C8|
|Injection volume||20µl||10 µl||10 µl||10 µl|
Validation of Developed Method:
- Standard Precision: The standard solution was injected for five times and the area measured for all five injections in HPLC. The %RSD for the area of five replicate injections was found to be within the specified limits.
- Intermediate precision (Day to day variability): To evaluate the intermediate precision (also known as Ruggedness) of the method, Precision was performed on different day by using different make column of same dimensions.
- Method Precision (Sample Precision): Three different sample solutions was prepared as per test procedure and injected into the chromatographic system.
Preparation of stock solution:Accurately 30 mg of Formoterol was weighed and transferred into a 100 mL volumetric flask and about 70mL of diluent was added and sonicated to dissolve it completely and made volume up to the mark with the same solvent (stock solution).
Acceptance Criteria:The %RSD for the area of five standard injections results should not be more than 2%.
- Accuracy (Recovery): The standard solution, Accuracy -50%, Accuracy -100% and Accuracy -150% solutions of the target concentration was injected and the Amount found and Amount added for Formoterol Fumarate was calculated and then the individual recovery and mean recovery values was calculated.
Acceptance Criteria: The % Recovery for each level should be between 98.0 to 102.0%.
- Linearity of Test Method: A series of solutions was prepared using Formoterol working standard at concentration levels from 30µg/mL to 180µg/mL (30, 60, 90,120,150,180µg/mL).
Each level was injected into the chromatographic system and the peak area was measure. Plot a graph of peak area versus concentration (on X-axis concentration and on Y-axis Peak area) and calculate the correlation coefficient.
Acceptance Criteria: Correlation coefficient should be not less than 0.999.
- Limit of Detection: Solutions was prepared using Formoterol working standard at concentration of 0.12µg/mL and the signal ratio was calculated.
Acceptance Criteria: S/N Ratio value shall be 3 for LOD solution.
- Limit Of Quantification: Solutions were prepared using Formoterol working standard at concentration of 0.42µg/mL and calculated the Signal to Noise Ratio as follows.
Acceptance Criteria: S/N Ratio value shall be 10 for LOQ solution
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
Development of the Method by RP-HPLC:
Trial 1: Theoretical plates are very less, peak symmetry is not seen.
Trial 2: Theoretical plates are within the limit, retention time is reduced to 2.7 min but there is poor resolution between the blank and the main peak.
Trial 3: Theoretical plates were achieved by changing the column, retention time is at 4 min. The main peak is clearly resolved from the blank peak.
FIG. 1: CHROMATOGRAM OF STANDARD
FIG. 2: CHROMATOGRAM OF SAMPLE
TABLE 2: DATA OF PRECISION
|Injection (Conc. 120μg/mL)||Area of Standard Precision||Area of Intermediate Precision||Area of Sample Precision|
Result for Standard Precision: The S.D, R.S.D of % amount of Formoterol Fumarate was found to be 3457.6 and 0.3% respectively. The R.S.D was found to be less than 2. Therefore this method has good reproducibility.
Result for Intermediate Precision: The S.D, R.S.D of % amount of Formoterol Fumarate was found to be 2079.8 and 0.2% respectively.
Result for Method Precision: The S.D, R.S.D of % amount of Formoterol Fumarate was found to be 13267.96 and 1.23% respectively.
TABLE 3: DATA FOR ACCURACY (RECOVERY)
|%Conc.||Area||Mean Area||Amount Added (mg)||Amount Found (mg)||% Recovery||Mean Recovery|
Result for Accuracy 50%: The % Recovery of accuracy 50% was found to be 99%.
Result for Accuracy 100%: The % Recovery of accuracy 100% was found to be 96.6%.
Result for Accuracy 150%: The % Recovery of accuracy 150% was found to be 96.2%. The mean recovery of 50%, 100%, and 150% was found to be 98.2%.
TABLE 4: DATA FOR LINEARITY:
|S. No||Linearity Level||Area|
Correlation Coefficient = 0.999
FIG. 3 LINEARITY GRAPH OF FORMOTEROL
Result for linearity: With increase in the concentration, area is increasing linearly; hence the method had linearity range from 30ppm to 180ppm.
TABLE 5: DATA FOR LIMIT OF DETECTION
|Limit of Detection||Value Obtained|
|Average Baseline Noise obtained from Blank (N)||42 µV|
|Signal Obtained from LOD solution (S)||146|
S/N valve of LOD was found to be 3.4 and is within the limit.
TABLE 6: LIMIT OF QUANTIFICATION
|Limit of Detection||Value Obtained|
|Average Baseline Noise obtained from Blank (N)||42 µV|
|Signal Obtained from LOD solution (S)||415|
S/N valve of LOD was found to be 9.9 and is with in the limit.
CONCLUSION: By studying the results generated during Assay method validation of Formoterol Fumarate Rotacaps, it is concluded that the method is precise, accurate, and linear for performing the Assay analysis. A simple, rapid and reproducible HPLC method was developed and validated for the estimation of Formoterol Fumarate Rotacaps. A C8 (4.6×150mm, 5 µ) column, in isocratic mode with mobile phase containing Ammonium Acetate Buffer pH 5.0 and Acetonitrile (80:20) was used. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min and the analyte was monitored at 254 nm. The retention time for Formoterol was about 4.6 mins.
The system was validated for precision, accuracy, linearity, Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantitation. The Linearity was obtained in the concentration range of 30µg/ml to 180µg/ml with correlation coefficient of 0.999. The percentage recovery of Formoterol was found to be in the range of 98% -102%. Therefore it was concluded that the proposed method can be used for routine analysis of Formoterol Fumarate Rota caps.
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Siraj Ahmed*, B. Jayakar and M. A. Aleem
MESCO College of Pharmacy, Mustaidpura, Karwan Road, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
24 September, 2010
26 November, 2010
12, January 2011