DIABETES SELF CARE PRACTICES AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN TIKUR ANBESSA SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA- A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDYAbstract
Background: Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders that affect the body’s ability to process and use sugar (glucose) for energy. Type 2 diabetes mellitus resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action and inadequate insulin secretion. The success of long-term maintenance therapy for diabetes depends largely on the patients’ adherence with self-care practices.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess diabetes self-care practices and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia.
Method: institutional based cross sectional study was employed and 320 study subjects were selected using systematic random sampling technique. And the data was collected using interviewer administered structured questionnaire; data was analyzed and cleaned using SPSS version 16. Scoring method was employed to classify patients’ self-care practice level as adhered or not adhered to self-care practices.
Results: Of all respondents 167(52.2%) female. Mean age of the respondents was 55.03±10.7 years with minimum age of 30 and maximum age of 85. The mean duration of diabetes was 12.3±7.6years with minimum of 6 months and maximum of 41 years. Respondents’ self-care practices were, the majority 270 (84.4%) respondents were not adhered to Self-Monitoring of blood glucose practice. A total of 311(97.2%) respondents were adhered to anti-diabetic medication. The majority 252 (78.8%) respondents were not adhered to recommended diet management practices. There was a significant association between Level of education, monthly income, Presence of glucometer at home, marital status, diabetic complication, age and gender and self-care practices. But there was no significant association between duration of diabetes, Occupation and family history of diabetic and self-care practices.
Conclusion: findings of this study indicated that majority patients had poor adherence to self-care practices especially in self-monitoring of Blood Glucose and diet management practices
Kalayou Kidanu Berhe*, Asrat Demissie , Alemayoh Bayeray Kahsay and Haftu Berhe Gebru
Lecturer, Mekelle University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, PO. Box 1871, Tigray region, North Ethiopia
27 July, 2012
30 August, 2012
27 October, 2012