EVALUATION OF COLOUR FASTNESS PROPERTIES OF MICROBIAL PIGMENT EXTRACT FROM NOVEL SOURCES FOR TEXTILE ECOFRIENDLY DYEING & STUDY OF CIE LAB COLOUR VALUEHTML Full Text
EVALUATION OF COLOUR FASTNESS PROPERTIES OF MICROBIAL PIGMENT EXTRACT FROM NOVEL SOURCES FOR TEXTILE ECOFRIENDLY DYEING & STUDY OF CIE LAB COLOUR VALUE
Sri Vani Aparna Sriram * and Sarvamangala Dhurjeti
Department of Biotechnology, GIT, GITAM (Deemed to be) University, Visakhapatnam - 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India.
ABSTRACT: The pigment has acquired the greatest importance because of its excellent color value. The potential use of various carbon sources as microbial pigments for textile coloration. Flowers, leaves, fruits, vegetables, and tubers are the rich source of the secondary metabolites. In the current study, the use of microbial extract isolated from a fermentation process from 14 varieties by using Penicillium purpurogenum as a natural dye was studied. The potentiality of the dye extract was classified by dyeing with 100% cotton under suitable conditions. The dye ability, colorfastness (wash, light, rubbing) and Munsell color value, hue, L, a, b of dyed liquids were studied by using computer color matching software were studied. The color of the dye was not affected by washing. The results reveal that Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Ixora coccinea and Nerium oleander having highest K/S values. It could be seen that P. purpurogenum responded by producing high concentrations of pigment from Tagetes patula flower (crude) than the other combinations. It is to their ability for the formation of coordinate complexes with cotton material. In that view the ability of the pigment, it is a good application to the dyeing industry.
Dyeing, Textile, Fastness, Fermentation, etc.
INTRODUCTION: The coloring is crude crafts-manship. It is the way toward adding shading to material items like filaments, yarns, and fabrics 1. The coloring procedure incorporates adhering plants to texture or rubbing pounded shades to the material. This method becomes outdated over time and techniques were improved by using natural dyes from crushed fruits, vegetables and other plants. Later, a synthetic process of dyeing is in usage. There are various different mordant’s were used for dyeing.
Stringent is a compound substance which fixes shading to the texture. The superiority of the mordants utilized is man-made petrochemicals. The synthetic dyes are of chemical compounds that are harmful to humans, as well as those people who work in industries. The synthetic substances present in the colors are chromium, copper, lead, mercury, NaCl, toluene and C6H6 mixes. These are dangerous and effectively affect humankind. The microbial colors are acquired from different sources like animals, plants and microorganisms are nontoxic, less wellbeing hazardous 2 and gives a positive result. Microbial colors are more points of interest over the plant and animal-based colors. These can deliver countless, carotenoids, flavonoids, quinines and rubramines. The Penicillium purpurogenum strain contains several compounds that are identified as secondary metabolites 3.
These dyes are of good alternative dyes and require less production time. Likely, some of the fungal species Monascus purpurus, Emmerciella sp, Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp., Themomyces sp, Aspergillus sp, etc. are effective in production of pigments 4, 5, 6. By minimizing the harmful chemicals used in dyes, the microbial dyes are discovered to replace the synthetic dyes. These are environment-friendly and green-minded.
In the current investigation, the color pigments are obtained from various flowers, fruit peels, vegetables, and tuber sprouts by using Penicillium purpurogenum strain through fermentative production.
MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY:
- Flowers: Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Ixora coccinea, Gomphrena globosa, Tagetes patula, and Nerium oleander.
- Leaves: Moringa oleifera, Trigonella foenum-graecum and Spinacia oleracea
- Fruit Pulp and Peels: Citrus reticulata, Carica papaya and Citrus limon.
- Vegetables: Luffa acutangula and Solanum tuberosum.
- Desired cotton and soap solution.
- Penicillium purpurogenum NCIM 713 from NCL Pune.
- Fermentation Process: The culture of the Penicillium purpurogenum was inoculated into corresponding materials mentioned above in the flask. The inoculated flask was incubated on a rotating shaker (200 rpm) at 25 ºC for 7 days. After incubation, the broth obtained was separated by filtration. The solution obtained was colorful and called the pigment or microbial dye. The solution is dried and utilized as a powdered dye.
- Dyeing Process: The dyeing process involves the following stages.
- a) Scouring of Cotton: The cotton cloth was washed in a solution containing ionic detergent 2 g/l at 50 °C for 30 min. The scoured fabric was washed with faucet water altogether and dried at room temperature. It is prepared for the coloring process.
- b) Dyeing: The cotton tarred into 14 sections was dyed with a coloured solution. The dye extract was prepared by adding 5 gm dye powder in 100 ml water (M:L = 1:50). After dyeing, the colored cloth was washed with water, dried at RT. The color strength was calculated spectrophoto-metrically by using Computer Colour Matching software at the maximum wavelength of the microbial colorant.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
- Dyeing: The 100% cotton cloth is dyed with different microbial dyes under suitable conditions. The temperature is maintained at 40 °C and washed with water. Then, the dried cloth was tested for the following color parameters.
FIG. 1: IMAGES OF DYED, WASHED, RUBBED AND LIGHT FASTNESS OF COTTON CLOTH
Measuring Munsell Colour Value: In 1921, Albert Munsell system has explained the significance of color value with an image of a “color tree”. Munsell value is calculated as luminance occurred white reflector, which is designed a Munsell color value of 10, while CIE lightness L* is calculated luminance occurred similarly standard white reflector, which is designed lightness of 100. Munsell color value 10 equals to 100 or slightly greater than 100. Based on the Munsell color value scale for painting classes7 and comparison of Munsell color value with CIE Lightness (L*) color value, the Munsell Values are calculated as follows.
TABLE 1: MUNSELL COLOUR VALUE
TABLE 2: THE CIE VALUE L*, A*, B*, C, HUE AND K/S VALUES WITH COLOUR FASTNESS VALUES ARE TABULATED AS FOLLOWS
|Wash Fastness||Light Fastness||Rubbing Fastness||L*||a*||b*||C*||ho Value||K/S Value|
|2||Trigonella foenum graecum||3||II||2/3||78.92||-0.33||18.98||18.98||91||0.3|
|3||Hibiscus rosa sinensis||4-5||IV||4/5||12.61||34.01||21.72||40.36||32.56||2.935|
|8||Tagetes patula +
|9||Citrus reticulata +
|10||Tagetes patula +
|11||Spinacia oleracea L +
|12||Citrus limon +
Colour Parameters: The measure of the ability of a dye to impart color to materials is known as color strength. It is evaluated by light absorption in the visible region of the spectrum and the ratios of K/S values for samples as compared to a standard at the same wavelength, which expressed as a percentage. ‘K’ and ‘S’ are absorption and scattering coefficients of the dyed sample was called relative color strength. The Kubelka-Munk equation 8, 9, 10 is calculated from reflectance, R and relative color strength (%) is followed as:
K/S = (1-R)2 / 2R
CONCLUSION: The dyeing of cotton with the microbial pigments using P. purpurogenum was optimized and brown and yellow shades of colors are formed. There is a significant change occurs in K/S values but also in L* values and Munsell values. The three species Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Ixora coccinea and Nerium oleander exhibit highest K/S values. It is because of their ability for the formation of complexes with cotton. The interaction between the cotton and dye of these 3 flowers have high dye uptake. The microbially produced natural dyes are eco-friendly and useful for textile coloration process.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors are thankful to Miss. Tejal Sheth, from Laxmi Analytical Laboratories, Mumbai for successful completion of the work.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest in this work.
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How to cite this article:
Sriram SVA and Dhurjeti S: Evaluation of colour fastness properties of microbial pigment extract from novel sources for textile ecofriendly dyeing & study of cie lab colour value. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2020; 11(3): 1322-26. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.11(3).1322-26.
All © 2013 are reserved by the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
S. V. A. Sriram * and S. Dhurjeti
Department of Biotechnology, GIT, GITAM (Deemed to be) University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
13 May 2019
12 September 2019
13 November 2019
01 March 2020