HPTLC SCREENING OF AMINO ACID PROFILE OF CURCUMA SPECIES FROM MELGHAT FORESTS DIST. AMRAVATI MAHARASHTRAAbstract
Genus Curcuma L. ( Zingiberaceae), comprising of 120 species, is distributed throughout South and South-East Asia, with few species extending to China, Australia, and South Pacific. Four species of Curcuma are reported from Melghat. Of these C. longa L. is cultivated while C. inodora Blatt., C. pseudomontana J. Graham and C. decipiens are wild. C. decipiens being rare could not be collected. Curcuma inodora Blatt. Known as ‘Jangali Halad’ is a common herb of Melghat at higher elevations. In the Melghat area, populations of C. inodora are found to show many distinct variations in aerial as well as underground characters. Twelve distinct variants of C. inodora and C. pseudomontana and C. longa were collected. HPTLC screening of free amino acids showed the presence of four to eleven amino acids in Curcuma inodora accessions, while in C. pseudomontana and C. longa, ten amino acids each were found. Glycine and Proline were found in all samples studied. Amino acid composition is specific for each species and variants; hence can be used as identifying character. HPTLC screening of amino acids reflects the distinctness as well as relatedness of the species.
M. Dagawal * and P. Bhogaonkar
Department of Botany, Smt. Radhabai Sarda Arts, Commerce and Science College, Anjangaon Surji Amravati, Maharashtra, India.
10 July 2020
07 December 2020
08 May 2021
01 July 2021