IMPACT OF CLINICAL PHARMACIST DELIVERED EDUCATION AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALAbstract
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. The aim is to study the impact of clinical pharmacists delivered education among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in a tertiary care hospital. A prospective, interventional, randomized control study was carried out over a period of 6 months in the general medicine department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Data was collected from the 129 diabetic patients at the age of 18-60 years using the KAP questionnaire, MMAS-8 item questionnaire, and foot care questionnaire. The mean age having diabetes was found to be 54.42 years. Females were found to be more affected than males. The mean BMI among the participants was found to be 27.33 kg/cm2. Among the study population, the mean KAP scores after intervention in case was increased by 32.93% for Knowledge, 45.67% for Attitude and 29.67% for Practice; the scores of MA after intervention in case was increased by 30% for high adherence, 23.33% for medium adherence and decreased by 53.33% for low adherence and the results of foot care practices after intervention in case showed an increased by 21.67% for excellent practices, 35% for the good practices and decreased by 56.67% for poor practices while the before and after intervention scores of control remained almost the same. Patients had a lack of knowledge about the disease, attitude and practice toward the disease condition, decreased medication adherence and poor foot care practices, which has shown improvement by the clinical pharmacist delivered education.
A. K. Chaudhary, E. Eldho, S. James and M. Baby *
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Hillside College of Pharmacy and Research Center, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
22 November 2019
30 January 2020
13 March 2020
01 November 2020