MECHANICAL, CHEMICAL AND HERBAL ASPECTS OF PERIODONTITIS: A REVIEWAbstract
Periodontitis is a common and widespread disease, which occurs due to the pathogenic bacterial infections (like Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, S. mutans etc.) established within the gingival sulcus. This condition, when not arrested, will cause formation of periodontal pocket. In order to eliminate or control the disease and arrest further periodontal tissue destruction, periodontal pockets need repeated sub gingival mechanical cleansing. This scaling procedure is unpleasant and painful. Systemic antibiotics have their role to play, but are limited by the duration of treatment and also the availability of the antibiotic at the site of action in sufficient quantity. It is not possible to administer broad spectrum antibiotics at its optimum dosage levels, multiple times over large periods. The spread of drug resistant pathogens is one of the most serious threats to successful treatment of microbial diseases. Down the ages essential oils and other extracts of plants have evoked interest as alternates for bacterial infections. Dental plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal diseases and this article is focused on its prevention through mechanical, chemical and herbal techniques.
Sagar Bansal*, Shruti Rastogi and Meenakshi Bajpai
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, 5 km Stone, Delhi-Meerut Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
17 January, 2012
18 February, 2012
19 April, 2012
01 May, 2012