METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN IN APIHTML Full Text
METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN IN API
- N. Padmaja1 and G. Veerabhadram *2
Faculty of Pharmacy 1, Department of Chemistry 2, University College of Technology, Osmaina University, Hyderabad, India.
ABSTRACT: An accurate, precise and rapid RP-HPLC method was developed and subsequently validated for the determination of Empagliflozin in API. Better separation of the drug was achieved on Intersil column(150x40mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase consisted of mixture of 0.01 M acetate buffer, methanol in ratio of (30:70v/v ) at flow rate of 2ml/min, with detection at 260nm using PDA detector. The retention time was found to be 1.223min. The method was found to be linear in the range of 2-150ug/ml with a correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.999. The LOD and LOQ of the method were calculated to be 0.7 and 1.91μg/ml respectively. The Precision was estimated by employing repeatability; intra-day and inter-day studies and the results were calculated as %RSD values and were found to be within the limits. Recovery of Empagliflozin was found to be in the range of 99.7-100-% which confirms the accuracy of the method. The proposed HPLC method is validated using standard ICH guidelines
RP-HPLC, Empagliflozin, Validation, ICH guidelines, Sodium Acetate, ortho phosphoric acid
INTRODUCTION: Empagliflozin (Jardiance, Boehringer Ingelheim) is an orally administered selective sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor, which lowers blood glucose in people with type 2diabetes by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys and promoting excretion of excess glucose in the urine 1-2.
The sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), located in the proximal tubule of the nephron, is estimated to facilitate-90% of this reabsorption 3-4
The chemical name of empagliflozin is (empagliflozin; 1-chloro-4-[b-D-glucopyranos-1-yl]-2-[4-([S]-tetrahydrofuran – 3 – yl -oxy) benzyl]-benzene Fig.1 as a potent and selective competitive inhibitor of the SGLT2 protein 5. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors offer an insulin-independent mechanism for improving blood glucose levels, since they promote urinary glucose excretion (UGE) by inhibiting glucose reabsorption in the kidney. In addition to glucose control, SGLT2 inhibitors are associated with weight loss and blood pressure reductions, and do not increase the risk of hypoglycaemia 6.
Lack of any published method for RP-HPLC estimation of Empagliflozin in API, therefore, provoked us to investigate the application of method development and validation of RP-HPLC method for the estimation of Empagliflozin in API.
FIGURE 1: STRUCTURE OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
The chromatography was performed on a Waters 2695 HPLC system, equipped with an auto sampler, PDA detector and Empower 2 software. Analysis was carried out at 260 nm with an Intersil C18, (150mmx40mm, 5 μm) dimensions at ambient temperature.
Chemicals and reagents:
Empagliflozin was supplied as gift sample from Mylon laboratories, Hyderabad. Acetate buffer was obtained from Qualigens Fine Chemicals (Mumbai, India) and Methanol (HPLC grade) was purchased from local market.
Preparation of solutions:
Preparation of buffer: Accurately weighed about 2.86 grams of sodium acetate was taken into 1000ml beaker and dissolved and diluted to 1000ml with HPLC water and degassed in ultrasonic water bath and filtered through 0.45μm filter using vacuum filtration and the pH of 4 was adjusted by using diluted ortho phosphoric acid.
Preparation of mobile phase:
The optimized mobile phase consists of a mixture of acetate buffer and methanol in the ratio of 30:70 v/v.
The drug was first dissolved in methanol and further dilutions were made using methanol.
Preparation of standard stock solution:
Accurately weighed 10mg of Empagliflozin was taken in a 10ml standard volumetric flask and dissolved in few ml of methanol. Then the volume was made up to the mark with methanol. From the above solution, 1ml was diluted to 10 ml with mehanol to get a concentration of 100μg/ml of Empagliflozin
Method development selection of wavelength:
Stock solution of 100 mg/ml was prepared for Empagliflozin and further diluted to get the concentration of 10μg/ml of Empagliflozin was prepared with methanol. The wavelength was selected by scanning the above standard drug solution between 200 to 400nm. The scanned results showed that reasonable maximum absorbance was recorded at 260nm. Therefore 260nm was selected as the detection wavelength for the RP-HPLC investigation Fig. 2.
FIG. 2: UV SPECTRA OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN
Construction of calibration curve:
Aliquots of different concentrations of standard solution were prepared and their chromatograms were recorded at the optimized chromatographic conditions. The mean peak areas at different concentration levels were calculated from the chromatograms. Then the linearity plot was constructed using the mean peak areas at their respective concentrations.
The developed method was validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, and limit of detection, limit of quantitation, robustness and system suitability parameters as described in ICH guidelines.
Linearity: From the stock solution, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150μg/ml solutions were made and their chromatograms were recorded. From the recorded chromatograms, their respective mean peak areas were calculated and the linearity plot was constructed using the mean peak areas at their respective concentrations. The correlation coefficient was found to be 0.999. The linearity data of Empagliflozin was shown in Table 1 and the calibration plot was shown in Figure 3.
TABLE 1: LINEARITY DATA OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN
FIG. 3: CALIBRATION PLOT OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN
Accuracy of the method was determined by calculating the % recovery of Empagliflozin by the method of standard edition (standard stock solution spiked into the placebo). The results of recovery studies were recorded in Table 2.
TABLE 2: RECOVERY STUDY RESULT
|S.no||Level %||% Recovery|
The precision of the method was evaluated by carrying repeatability in the same day (intra-day) and inter-day precision studies. The percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) of each study was calculated and was found to be less than 2% showing the method was precise. The results of intra-day and inter-day studies were shown in Table 3.
TABLE 3: PRECISION STUDY RESULTS
|Concentrations 100ug/ml||Repeatability||Intra-day study||Inter day study|
|Day 1||Day 2|
LOD and LOQ:
Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) of the method were found to be 0.7μg/ml and 1.91μg/ml respectively.
Robustness of the method was determined by slightly changing the flow rate, temperature and mobile phase composition from the optimized chromatographic conditions. The results were shown in Table 4.
TABLE 4: ROBUSTNESS STUDY
|Flow rate||Temperature||Mobile phase|
|1.2||0.8||35||25||2 ml||2 ml|
System suitability parameter:
System suitability was analyzed by giving six replicates and evaluated the chromatographic parameters like retention time, tailing factor, theoretical plates and peak area the results of system suitability was reported in the Table 5. The chromatogram of Empagliflozin standard was shown in Fig. 4. And the optimized chromatographic conditions were shown in Table 6.
TABLE 5: SYSTEM SUITABILITY PARAMETERS OF EMPAGLIFLOIN
|λ max (nm)||260|
|Beer’s law limit (μg/ml)||25-150ug/ml|
|Correlation coefficient (r2)||0.999|
FIGURE 4: STANDARD CHROMATOGRAM OF EMPAGLIFLOZIN
TABLE 6: OPTIMIZED CHROMATOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS
|Column||Intersil C18column (150mmx40mm, 5 μm)|
|Detector||Photo Diode Array detector|
|Flow rate||2 ml/min|
|Run time||10 min|
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The present study was aimed to developing an accurate, precise and linear RP-HPLC method for estimation of Empagliflozin and in API as per ICG guidelines. The method was found to be linear in the range of 2-150ug/ml with a correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.999. The LOD and LOQ of the method were calculated to be 0.7 and 1.91 μg/ml respectively. The Precision was estimated by employing repeatability; intra-day and inter-day studies and the results were calculated as %RSD values and were found to be within the limits. Recovery of Empagliflozin was found to be in the range of 99.7-100-% which confirms the accuracy of the method. The system suitability was studied with six replicates standard solution of Empagliflozin and results were found to be acceptance criteria.
CONCLUSION: In the present study, we have developed a new, rapid RP-HPLC Method and validated for different parameters linearity, accuracy, precision, and LOD, LOQ, Robustness and system suitability. By studying all these validation parameters we have concluded that the method was linear, accurate, precise, robust and rapid for the determination of Empagliflozin in API. Hence the method can be successfully applied for the estimation of Empagliflozin in API.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: I wish to thank INCHEM Labs to carry out this work, the authors are also thankful to Department of chemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
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How to cite this article:
Padmaja N and Veerabhadram G: Method Development and Validation of RP-HPLC Method for the Estimation of Empagliflozin in API. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2016; 7(2): 724-27.doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.7(2).724-27.
All © 2013 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
N. Padmaja and G. Veerabhadram *
Faculty of Pharmacy, University College of Technology, Osmaina University, Hyderabad, India.
20 August, 2015
28 October, 2015
05 December, 2015
01 February, 2016