MICROSPONGES AS THE VERSATILE TOOL FOR TOPICAL ROUTE: A REVIEWAbstract
The drug delivery technology landscape has become highly competitive and rapidly evolving. More and more developments in delivery systems are being integrated to optimize the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the therapy. Conventional topical formulations are intended to work on the surface of the skin. Normally, upon application such formulations release their active ingredients and producing a highly concentrated layer of active ingredient that is quickly absorbed. Therefore, need exists for a system to increase the amount of time that an active ingredient is present either on skin surface as well as within the epidermis, at the same time, minimizing its transdermal penetration in the body. In recent times, microsponge delivery system (MDS) has been successively addressed for the controlled release of drugs onto the epidermis with assurance that the drug remains chiefly localized and does not enter the systemic circulation in major amounts. Drug loaded microsponge consist of microporous beads, typically 10-25 μm in diameter that possess a versatility to entrap wide range of active agents. Microsponge Systems are based on microscopic, polymer-based microspheres that can suspend or entrap a wide variety of substances, and can then be incorporated into a formulated product such as a gel, cream, liquid or powder. Microsponge technology offers entrapment of ingredients and is believed to contribute towards reduced side effects, improved stability, increased elegance, and enhanced formulation flexibility. In addition, numerous studies have confirmed that microsponge systems are non-irritating, non-mutagenic, non-allergenic, and non-toxic. This review article covers methods of preparation, release mechanism, characterization and applications of microsponge delivery system with patent information and marketed formulations.
Archana Patel*, Pratik Upadhyay, Jatin Trivedi, Shreeraj Shah and Jaymin Patel
L. J. Institute of Pharmacy, Near Nagdev Kalyan Mandir, S.G. Road, Ahmedabad- 382210, Gujarat, India
02 May, 2012
12 July, 2012
15 August, 2012
01 September, 2012