POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME- A MULTIFACETED DISEASE: A REVIEWAbstract
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most prevalent endocrine disorders in females of reproductive age. Globally, it has been found that PCOS affects 10% of reproductive-age women when using the NIH criteria for diagnosis, and up to 18% of reproductive-age women are diagnosed with PCOS as per the Rotterdam criteria. Mostly symptoms of PCOS include irregular menstrual cycles, signs of hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance. Women with PCOS are at increased risk for developing reproductive, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. The measures for management of PCOS targets the symptoms which are present in a patient such as lowering body weight and insulin levels, restoring fertility, treating hirsutism or acne, restoring regular menstruation and preventing complications. Early detection of long-term morbidities through appropriate screening tests constitutes an essential part of the management of this condition. Future research has to focus on the missing blocks in our growing knowledge about this condition, following that physicians will be able to provide the finest care for patients.
M. Maqbool, I. Gani and M. I. Geer
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
12 July 2018
22 September 2018
05 October 2018
01 March 2019