SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE IN MARKETED FORMULA ESTIMATION USING HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHODHTML Full Text
SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE IN MARKETED FORMULA ESTIMATION USING HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD
Kartik Pandya *, Chintan Aundhia and Snehal Patel
Department of Pharmacy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
ABSTRACT: A study was performed to develop a simple HPLC method for estimating sertraline Hydrochloride in unit dose. The method was created by evaluating the drug sertraline hydrochloride's solubility in phosphate buffer, pH 4.0, at 254 nm. The chromatographic separation was accomplished on Prominence I LC 2030 C (Shimadzu Corporation, Japan). A 10 µl sample volume and a C18 column (250 x 4.6 mm (5 µm) were employed. The created and improved procedure produced the desired results. A 0.9998 linearity value was discovered. Buffer (Monobasic Potassium Phosphate of Buffer pH 4.0): Acetonitrile: and Methanol (50:25:25) were combined in a mobile phase designed for the technique at a 2.0 ml/min flow rate. Sertraline Hydrochloride was simultaneously identified at 254 nm with a retention time of 10.4±0.2 min. The percentage of the medicine was calculated using the specification limits after a quantitative assay of the commercial formulation. According to ICH guideline Q2R1, validation was completed successfully. The suggested approach can be used for a BE study to assess its applicability further and estimate sertraline Hydrochloride in pharmaceutical formulations.
Keywords: Method development, Sertraline Hydrochloride, Validation
INTRODUCTION: Sertraline is mostly a serotonin reuptake inhibitor 1. Sertraline is primarily used in treating clinical depression in adult outpatients and obsessive-compulsive, panic, and social anxiety disorders in adults and children 2. Sertraline hydrochloride in the oral dosage form of a tablet is usually taken once daily either in the morning or evening. Sertraline does not result in weight gain, although it does share the same adverse effects and contraindications as other SSRIs 3. The hydrochloride salt of sertraline is called sertraline hydrochloride. Sertraline is a synthetic naphthalenamine derivative having anti-serotoninergic and anti-depressant effects.
The CNS's serotonin levels are increased by sertraline, which seems to limit serotonin's uptake by neurons selectively. Sertraline is white to an off-white color, a crystalline powder having no odor. Chemically of Sertraline Hydrochlorideis (1S, 4S)-4-(3, 4-dichlorophenyl) - N - methyl-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen – 1 - amine; hydrochloride having molecular formula C17H18Cl3N 4.
A thorough literature review revealed that sertraline hydrochloride can be measured simultaneously in drug estimates and biological fluids using UV spectroscopy, HPLC, and LC-MS (i.e., human and rat plasma) 5-8.
This work describes a brand-new chromatographic approach for determining sertraline hydrochloride in pharmaceutical formulations that is very sensitive, quick, easy, exact, repeatable, affordable, and stable. Fig. 1 represents the structural formula of Sertraline Hydrochloride.
FIG. 1: SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Reagents and Chemicals: Methanol and acetonitrile of HPLC quality were purchased from Merck Industries (Mumbai, India). A Milli Q water system was used to produce HPLC-quality water (Bangalore, India). Wanbury, Ltd. in India provided the reference standard for sertraline hydrochloride as a gift sample. The marketed medication was obtained from a local drugstore in Gujarat.
Instrumentation: The Prominence I LC 2030 C system was used to conduct HPLC research (Shimadzu Corporation, Japan). The chromatographic analysis equipment included a 250 x 4.6 mm (5 µm) C18 column, a binary low-pressure and UV detector, and a 2 mL sample container. For data collection and processing, Lab Solutions data station software was used.
Wavelength Selection: Sertraline hydrochloride, 50 µg/mL, was added to a buffer solution made up of 50:25:25 acetonitrile, methanol, and monobasic potassium phosphate (buffer pH 4.0). At wavelengths between 200 and 400nm, the typical solution was scanned 9.
Preparations for a Reference Solution and a Sample Solution: For the preparation of the standard solution, 50 mg of sertraline hydrochloride API were dissolved in a mixture of 50 mg each of acetonitrile, methanol, and buffer (monobasic potassium phosphate of buffer pH 4.0). This standard solution made A series of dilutions in the mobile phase.
Method Development: The proposed method was created by adjusting the mobile phase composition, mobile phase ratio, pH, column type, and dimensions during a number of trials runs in order to achieve a symmetrical analyte peak at a brief enough run time. In the mobile phase, an organic modifier consisting of acetonitrile and methanol was employed. At first, different acetonitrile to water ratios used as the mobile phase for separations showed peak asymmetries 10.
Finally, using Buffer (monobasic potassium phosphate of buffer pH 4.0), a symmetric analyte peak with a tolerable short run time was obtained: A C18 (250 x 4.6mm, 5 µm) was used as the stationary phase, and the eluents were seen at a wavelength of 254 nm. The mixture of acetonitrile, methanol, and the flow rate was 50:25:25 at a rate of 2 mL/min. At 10.4 +/- 0.2 minutes, sertraline hydrochloride was eluted. Before adding the mobile phase to the HPLC system, it was prepared by passing through a 0.45 µ PTFE membrane filter.
System Suitability: The creation and validation of an analytical method, which ensures the system's optimal performance, heavily relies on system suitability criteria. After administering six replicates of the industry-standard sertraline hydrochloride at a concentration of 50 µg/ml, chromatographic parameters including the number of theoretical plates, retention duration, resolution, and asymmetric factor were scanned.
Method Validation: The devised RP-HPLC technique was tested in accordance with the ICH requirements for the parameters linearity, precision, specificity, accuracy, robustness, detection limit, and quantitative limit. The method was intended to calculate sertraline hydrochloride 11, 12.
Accuracy and Precision Studies: Studies conducted during the day and in between the days gauge the method's accuracy. The proposed approach was studied using six separate injections at three different doses. The samples were analyzed on the same day to investigate intraday precision and repeatability, and the samples were analyzed on different days to examine interday precision. Using intraday and interday research results, mean and % RSD calculations were made 13. Recovery studies demonstrate the method's accuracy. The standard addition technique, which involves analyzing a sample that has been spiked with a standard at a given concentration while being subjected to ideal chromatographic conditions, was used to evaluate the method's accuracy. The recovery results from the three different concentration levels were used to calculate the standard deviation, percentage relative standard deviation, and average recovery 14.
Specificity/ Selectivity: By administering the diluents, the standard sertraline hydrochloride solution, and the sample solution obtained from solid dosage form for any co-eluting peaks within the drug's retention time, the method's specificity was demonstrated 15.
Linearity and Range: The linearity of the aforementioned analytical procedure is defined by the acquired response's linear proportionality to the analyte concentration. Under optimum chromatographic conditions, a chosen series of quantities [25 ppm to 75 ppm] was injected in, and the corresponding chromatograms were recorded. The basis for calculating the linearity was the co-relation coefficient obtained by graphing a concentration graph 14.
Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantification: The response of a method describes its ability to identify analytes at their lowest feasible concentrations in the absence of noise. This is evaluated using the LOD and LOQ parameters.
The Limit of Quantification (LOQ) is the lowest concentration of the analyte that produces a response that can be pretty much exactly quantified, as opposed to the Limit of Detection (LOD), which is the lowest concentration of the substance that can be spotted by the developed method and elicits a quantifiable response (signal to noise ratio 3). (Signal-to-noise ratio 10) 16, 17, 18. The formula can be used to determine LOD and LOQ:
LOD = 3.3 * σ /S, LOQ = 10 * σ / S
Where, σ = SD; S = Slope
Robustness: By making minor adjustments to the specified experimental conditions, such as small variations in analyte concentrations, the source of the reagent, different brands of columns, and minor fluctuation in the proportion of the mobile phase, pH of the aqueous buffer, flow of eluents, etc., the criterion of ruggedness and robustness of the proposed methodology was scaled 19.
Assay of the Marketed Formulation: 10 Sertraline Hydrochloride (100 mg) tablets were weighed, finely ground in a mortar and pestle, and transferred to 100 mL volumetric flasks in an amount equal to the average weight of the formulation.
The formulation was then solubilized in about 50 mL of mobile phase and sonicated for about 10 minutes. Then, 0.45-micron nylon paper was used to filter these solutions. The solution was subjected to two thorough chromatographic analyses. After recording the chromatograms and assessing the amount of drug present, SD and %RSD were calculated and reported.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A worthwhile effort was made to estimate sertraline hydrochloride using the RP-HPLC method. Following the completion of preliminary work, advancement was made.
Tables 1 and 2 represent the Validation Parameters and Accuracy Study of Sertraline HCL. Additionally, Table 3 shows the data related to the assay of the marketed formulation.
TABLE 1: VALIDATION PARAMETERS OF SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE
|Sr. no.||Parameters||Sertraline hydrochloride|
|1||Linearity range||25 ppm to 75 ppm|
|4||Correlation coefficient (r2)||0.9998|
|5||SE of intercept||321.0584544|
|6||SD of line||131.0715652|
|8||Precision after 48 hr||1.17%|
TABLE 2: ACCURACY STUDY OF SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE
|Sr. no.||Actual concentration(ppm)||% Recovered*, %RSD|
*Mean of three determinations.
TABLE 3: ASSAY OF MARKETED FORMULATION
|Sr. no.||Sample#||Assay* ± SD|
|1||Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) tablets100 mg||99.4 ± 0.070|
*: mean of 3 determinations. #:20 numbers of the tablet dosage form. SD: standard deviation.
Chromatograph Representation: Chromatograms of the blank, sample, and marketed formulation are shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, and Fig. 4, respectively.
FIG. 2: CHROMATOGRAPH OF BLANK SOLUTION
FIG. 3: CHROMATOGRAPH OF SAMPLE SOLUTION
FIG. 4: CHROMATOGRAPH OF MARKETED FORMULATION
An inhibitor of selective serotonin reuptake is sertraline hydrochloride. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) approved this medication in 1999 under the brand name Zoloft from Pfizer.
Using the Prominence I LC 2030 C, HPLC system, the HPLC approach was selected to develop and validate the medication sertraline hydrochloride (Shimadzu Corporation, Japan). The chromatographic apparatus included a C18 column 250 x 4.6 mm (5 µm), a Shimadzu SPD-20A UV detector, a binary low-pressure mixing pump (LC-20AT), and a 2 mL sample container. Analysis and data collection were done using Lab Solutions' software. The technique underwent validation using each of the parameters listed in ICH guideline Q2R1.
Results that were in agreement were obtained using the designed and optimized approach. After a few tests, the mobile phase's composition of monobasic potassium phosphate of buffer pH 4.0, acetonitrile, and methanol in the ratio of 50:25:25 at a flow rate of 2.0 ml/min was found to be the most effective. Sertraline Hydrochloride was simultaneously identified at 254 nm with a retention time of 10.4±0.2 min. A specificity check revealed that neither the mobile phase nor the diluent used in the procedure interfered with the drug's retention period. In the overall procedure, the mobile phase was utilized as a diluent to eliminate interference from the produced chromatogram. The technique was discovered to be linear over the range of 25 to 75 ppm with an r2 value of 0.9998. The proportion of medication was determined to be 99.7 0.07 in a quantitative assay of the commercial formulation, which was within specification limits Table 1. Studies on accuracy and precision had metrics within the parameters set (RSD 2%), and the recovery percentage was between 99.1 and 100.2%.
CONCLUSION: The proposed Reverse Phase HPLC method for the estimation of Sertraline Hydrochloride may be used for the drug/formulation sample analysis in the pharmaceutical sector businesses and/or may be employed for bioanalytical sample analysis where the optimal retention time of 10.4±0.2 min is outside the plasma inference area concerned to chromatographic circumstances. For the estimation of the medication sertraline Hydrochloride, a simple, accurate, precise, and sensitive approach was established.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors thank the Department of Pharmacy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Piparia, Waghodia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Ethical Clearance: Not Applicable.
Sources of Funding: Nil.
CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS: Nil.
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How to cite this article:
Pandya K, Aundhia C and Patel S: Sertraline hydrochloride in marketed formula estimation using high-performance liquid chromatographic method. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2023; 14(10): 4788-92. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.14(10).4788-92.
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Kartik Pandya *, Chintan Aundhia and Snehal Patel
Department of Pharmacy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
06 February 2023
22 April 2023
31 May 2023
01 October 2023