SIMULTANEOUS QUANTIFICATION OF ROSUVASTATIN AND TELMISARTAN IN BULK AND TABLET – A VALIDATED UV-SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC TECHNIQUEHTML Full Text
SIMULTANEOUS QUANTIFICATION OF ROSUVASTATIN AND TELMISARTAN IN BULK AND TABLET - A VALIDATED UV-SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC TECHNIQUE
N. Patil and B. Sharannavar *
K. L. E. College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, K. L. E. Academy of Higher Education and Research, JNMC Campus, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi - 590010, Karnataka, India.
ABSTRACT: Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan are used together as a fixed dosage combination to treat hypertension associated with dyslipidemia. Objective: To develop and validate a simple, sensitive, precise, ecofriendly and cost-effective method for the determination of Rosu-vastatin and Telmisartan in bulk and pharmaceutical formulation as per ICH Guidelines. Methods: an effort has been made to develop a simple double beam UV Spectrophotometric method and validate the same with different parameters such as Linearity, Precision, Repeat-ability, Limit of Detection (LOD), Limit of Quantification (LOQ), Accuracy, Robustness, and Ruggedness. Results: Rosuvastatin and Telmisartanin Ethanol: Water 60: 40% v/v shows maximum absor-bance at 244 nm and 296 nm, respectively. Beer’s law was obeyed in the concentration range of 2-10µg/mL and 3-15µg/mL; The LOD and LOQ were found to 0.35µg/mL and 1.06 µg/ Rosuvastatin mL for Rosuvastatin and 0.54 µg/mL and 1.64 µg/mL for Telmisartan respectively. Recovery of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan in tablet formulation was observed in the range of 80.00-120.00%. Conclusion: The proposed method is precise, accurate, eco-friendly and reproducible and can be used for routine analysis of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form.
Antihypertensive, ICH Guidelines, Rosuvastatin, Spectrophotometric telmisartan
INTRODUCTION: Rosuvastatin is a HMG-CoA reductase used widely for the treatments related to cardiovascular diseases 1. The chemical name of Rosuvastatin is calcium; (E, 3R, 5S)-7-[4-(4-fluorophenyl) - 2 - [methyl (methylsulfonyl) amino] -6 propan-2-ylpyrimidin-5-yl] - 3, 5-dihydroxyhept-6-enoate with molecular formula C44H54CaF2N6O12S2, as shown in Fig. 1 2.
Rosuvastatin competitively inhibits the enzyme hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A Reductase, which catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonic acid and is the rate-limiting step in a sequence of metabolic reactions involved in the production of several compounds involved in lipid metabolism and transport including cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) 1, 3.
Telmisartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) used in the management of hypertension 4. The chemical name (IUPAC) of Telmisartan is 2-[4-[[4-methyl-6 - (1 - methylbenzimidazol - 2 - yl) - 2 -propylbenzimidazol - 1 - yl] methyl] phenyl] benzoic acid with molecular formula C33H30N4O2, as shown in Fig. 2 5. Telmisartan binds to the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors with high affinity, causing inhibition of the action of angiotensin II on vascular smooth muscle, ultimately leading to a reduction in arterial blood pressure 4, 5. Hypertension and dyslipidemia are comorbid disorders, and thus, antihypertensive drugs and lipid-lowering agents are prescribed together. Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan are available as a fixed-dose Combination to treat the same 6. As per the literature survey, simultaneous analysis of the drugs is estimated by various chromatographic techniques such as UV and HPLC. The aim of the present work was to develop and validate a simple, precise, sensitive, and eco-friendly spectroscopy method for simultaneous estimation of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan in bulk and tablet dosage form.
MATERIALS AND METHOD: 7, 8, 9
Drug Samples: Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan were obtained as a gift sample from Apotex, Bangalore.
Reagents and Chemicals: All the chemicals and reagents used for the experiment were of analytical grade. Ethanol was obtained from Molychem, Mumbai, and HPLC Grade Ethanol from S D Fine-Chem Limited, Mumbai.
Instruments and Apparatus: UV-Spectrophoto-meter of Shimadzu UV-1900 with Lab solutions software& Shimadzu UV-1800 with UV probe were used for determination of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan.
Method Development: 8 Development of UV-Spectrophotometric method involved, deter-mination of λmax of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartanin suitable solvent. Various solvents were employed, out of which ethanol and water were selected. Different ratios were tried out; analytes exhibited best results in Ethanol: Water 60:40% v/v. Solutions containing both the analytes were scanned for single and in combination, between the range of 800-200 nm, respectively. Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan showed maximum absorbance at 243 nm and 296 nm wavelength, respectively.
Preparation of Standard Stock Solution: 7, 8 10 mg of Rosuvastatin calcium and 10 mg Telmisartan were accurately weighed and transferred to a 100 ml volumetric flask. Ethanol was added to dissolve the drugs, and the solution was sonicated for 10 min. Volume made up to 100 ml with Ethanol: Water 60: 40% v/v to obtain a 100 ppm solution.
Method Validation: 7, 8, 9 According to ICH guidelines, the newly developed UV-Spectro-photometric method was validated in order to prove the suitability of the method using optimized method parameters.
Specificity and Selectivity: 9, 10, 11 UV-spectrum of blank solvent Ethanol: Water 60: 40% v/v and solution containing Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan were scanned between the range of 800 nm-200 nm. The spectrum obtained was compared for any interference at the maximum wavelength of absorbance of respective analytes by the solvent.
Linear Range Response: 9 Linearity was performed using the above stock solution, serial dilutions containing a concentration of Rosuvastatin 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 µg/mL and Telmisartan 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 µg/mL were prepared. The solutions were analyzed in triplicates, and absorbance was measured at 243 nm and 296 nm, respectively. A calibration curve was plotted as Concentration on X-axis and Absorbance on Y-axis, and a linear regression equation was calculated.
Detection and Quantification Limit of Analyte: 7, 9 Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantification (LOD and LOQ) were calculated from linear curve by statistical calculations using following formulae
LOD = 3.3 × Standard deviation of y - Intercept / Slop of the calibration curve
LOQ = 10 × Standard deviation of y - Intercept / Slop of the calibration curve
Precision: Precision was carried out using.
System Precision: Six replicates of a solution containing 2 µg/mL of Rosuvastatin and 3 µg/mL of Telmisartan were prepared. Each solution's absorbance was measured at 243 nm and 296 nm, respectively and % RSD was calculated.
Intraday Precision: Six replicates of solutions containing 2 µg/mL of Rosuvastatin and 3 µg/mL of Telmisartan were analyzed, and % RSD was calculated at different time intervals on same day.
Interday Precision: Six replicates of solutions containing 4µg/mL of Rosuvastatin and 6 µg/mL of Telmisartan were analyzed, and % RSD was calculated on three consecutive days.
Accuracy: 12 Accuracy was determined by per-forming recovery experiments in which determination of % mean recovery of the sample by percentage method at three different levels. 80 to 120% of the sample solutions were prepared as per the procedure given in the methods from the dilutions used for linearity. For the analysis, Rosuvastatin was taken in the concentrations of 4.8, 6, 7.2 µg/mL and Telmisartan in the concentrations of 7.2, 9, 10.8 µg/mL, respectively. At each level, three analyses were performed. Percent mean recovery was calculated. The accepted limits of recovery are 98%-102%, and all observed data are within the required range, which indicates good recovery values and hence the accuracy of the method developed.
Ruggedness and Reproducibility: 9, 12, 13 In order to prove ruggedness and reproducibility of the method, six replicates of solutions containing both the analytes were prepared and absorbance of each replicate solution containing 6 µg/mL of Rosu-vastatin and 9 µg/mL of Telmisartan was measured by the different analyst. Also, a different instrument (UV Spectrophotometer: UV-1800) was used wherein 8 µg/mL and 12 µg/mL of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan were analyzed, and % RSD was calculated, Change in maker of solvent was also employed in order to prove robustness.
Solvent and Standard Stock Solution Stability: 13, 14 In order to obtain the stability of solvent and stock solution, the fresh stock was prepared, and dilutions were made using fresh solvent, absor-bance of each dilutions containing both analytes were compared with that of old stock dilutions and % RSD was calculated.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
Development: For simultaneous estimation, both the analytes must be soluble in a single solvent system. Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan, both were found to be soluble in Ethanol: Water 60:40% v/v. Detection wavelength for both the analytes was obtained by scanning analyte solution in spectro-photometer. The spectrum showed the maximum absorbance at 243 nm and 296 nm for Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan, respectively. Developed method parameters are presented in Table 1.
Specificity and Selectivity: The solvent spectrum obtained displayed no interference of absorbance at of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan. Both the analytes selectively showed maximum wavelength at 243 nm and 296 nm, respectively. The method was found to be specific and selective. UV spectrum of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartanis presented in Fig. 3 and 4.
Linear Range Response: Linear relationships were observed by plotting drug concentration against absorbance. Each showed linear absorbance range between a range of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 µg/mL and 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 µg /mL with regression equation of 0.999 and 0.999 for Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan, respectively. Linearity range data is discussed in Table 2. The overlay spectrum of linearity of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartanis presented in Fig. 5, and the standard calibration curve is presented in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7.
Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantification: LOD of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan was found to be 0.35 µg/mL and 0.54 µg/mL, LOQ of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan was found to be1.06 µg/mL and 1.64 µg/mL respectively.
Precision: Method was found to be precise as the % RSD calculated for six replicates solution of both analytes at each precision level was found to be less than 2% Table 3, 4, 5.
Accuracy: At each level, three analyses were performed. Percent mean recovery was calculated as shown in Tables 6 and 7. The accepted limits of recovery are 98%-102%, and all observed data are within the required range, which indicates good recovery values and hence the accuracy of the method developed.
Ruggedness and reproducibility: % RSD values obtained for each analyte was found to be less than 2% which indicates the method was rugged with change in the maker of solvent system and also found to be reproducible as %RSD obtained for absorbance of each replicate of solution was within the acceptance criteria by a change in the analyst and instrument. It is represented in Tables 8 and 9.
Solution and Standard Stock Solution Stability: The %RSD for absorbance obtained by fresh and old dilutions containing Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan was found to be within the acceptance criteria, and the data obtained showed that the standard stock solution and solvent system were stable for 10 days. It is represented in Table 10.
TABLE 1: DEVELOPED METHOD PARAMETERS
|1||Analytes||Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan|
|2||Solvent||Ethanol: Water (60:40% v/v)|
|3||Max. Absorbance of Rosuvastatin||243nm|
|4||Max. Absorbance of Telmisartan||296 nm|
TABLE 2: LINEARITY AND RANGE DATA OF ROSUVASTATIN AND TELMISARTAN
|S. no.||Rosuvastatin (244 nm)||Telmisrtan (296 nm)|
|1||2 µg/mL||0.188||3 µg/mL||0.219|
|2||4 µg/mL||0.372||6 µg/mL||0.428|
|3||6 µg/mL||0.549||9 µg/mL||0.612|
|4||8 µg/mL||0.765||12 µg/mL||0.822|
|5||10 µg/mL||0.937||15 µg/mL||1.01|
|LOD||0.35 µg/mL||0.54 µg/mL|
|LOQ||1.06 µg/mL||1.64 µg/mL|
TABLE 3: SYSTEM PRECISION
|Replicates||Rosuvastatin (2 µg/mL)||Telmisartan (3µg/mL)|
TABLE 4: INTRADAY PRECISION (INITIAL HOUR, 1STHOUR, 5TH HOUR)
|Initial Hour||1st Hour||5th Hour|
TABLE 5: INTERDAY PRECISION
|Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
TABLE 6: ACCURACY (ROSUVASTATIN)
|Level (%)||Absorbance||% Recovery||Mean % Recovery|
TABLE 7: ACCURACY (TELMISARTAN)
|Level (%)||Absorbance||%Recovery||Mean % Recovery|
TABLE 8: RUGGEDNESS (CHANGE IN INSTRUMENT AND CHANGE IN ANALYST)
|Replicates||Rosuvastatin (6 µg/mL)||Telmisartan (9 µg/mL)||Rosuvastatin (6 µg/mL)||Telmisartan (9 µg/mL)|
|Change in Instrument||Change in Analyst|
TABLE 9: ROBUSTNESS (CHANGE IN SOLVENT MAKE)
|Replicates||Rosuvastatin (8 µg/mL)||Telmisartan (12 µg/mL)|
TABLE 10: SOLUTION STABILITY
|Replicates||Rosuvastatin (10 µg/mL) Absorbance||Telmisartan (15µg/mL) Absorbance|
TABLE 11: VALIDATION PARAMETERS
|S. no.||Validation Parameters||Values of Rosuvastatin (243 nm)||Values of Telmisartan (296 nm)|
|1||Linearity range||2-10 µg/mL||3-15 µg/mL|
|Intraday Initial hour||1.425%||1.574%|
|Intraday 1st hour||1.620%||1.752%|
|Intraday 5th hour||1.735%||1.594%|
|3||Robustness (Change in solvent make)||1.115%||0.579%|
|4||Ruggedness||By change in analyst||1.114%||0.317%|
|By change in instrument||1.311%||1.098%|
|5||LOD||0.35 µg/mL||0.54 µg/mL|
|7||Solution Stability||10 days at room temperature (0.861%)||10 days at room temperature (1.596%)|
CONCLUSION: The present research concluded that the newly developed spectrophotometric technique was found to be simple, eco-friendly, specific, selective, linear, precise, robust, rugged, and reproducible for the simultaneous quantification of Rosuvastatin and Telmisartan in bulk and tablet dosage form.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors are thankful to the Principal and Vice-Principal for their support and guidance. Mr. Shailendra Suryawanshi, Assistant Professor, KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi for helping in the handling the UV-Spectrophotometer during the research work and Ms. Arpana Patil for helping us during the research work. We are also thankful to KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, for providing the necessary facility to carry out research work.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: We declare no conflicts of interest of any kind with anybody
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How to cite this article:
Patil N and Sharannavar B: Simultaneous quantification of rosuvastatin and telmisartan in bulk and tablet - a validated UV-spectrophotometric technique. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2021; 12(4): 2485-91. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.12(4).2485-91.
All © 2013 are reserved by the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
N. Patil and B. Sharannavar *
K. L. E. College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, K. L. E. Academy of Higher Education and Research, JNMC Campus, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
03 April 2020
18 August 2020
05 September 2020
01 April 2021