STABILITY INDICATING ASSAY OF TELMISARTAN IN TABLETSHTML Full Text
STABILITY INDICATING ASSAY OF TELMISARTAN IN TABLETS
K. Sahu *, S. Si and S. K. Patro
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
ABSTRACT: An accurate, simple, precise, rapid stability-indicating assay method was developed and subsequently validated for the estimation of Telmisartan in API and Tablets. The best separation of the drug was achieved on Kromasil C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 µm) with the mobile phase consisted of mixture of 0.01 M Phosphate buffer (pH: 3) and Acetonitrile in ratio of (40:60%) at flow rate of 2 ml/min, with detection at 226 nm using PDA detector. The retention time was found to be 2.728 min. The method was found to be linear in the range of 10-60 µg/ml with a correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.999. The LOD and LOQ of the method were calculated to be 0.256 and 0.776 µg/ml, respectively. The Precision was estimated by employing repeatability; intra-day and inter-day studies and the results were calculated as %RSD values and were found to be within the acceptable limits. Recovery of the drug was found to be in the range of 97-102%, which establishes the accuracy of the method. Forced degradation studies were conducted under a variety of conditions like acidic, alkali, thermal and oxidative. The stressed samples were analyzed by the developed analytical method, and the degradations in all stressed conditions was ≤ 30 % and within the acceptable limits. The proposed HPLC method is validated on the basis of ICH guidelines.
Keywords: RP-HPLC, Telmisartan, Validation, ICH guidelines, Stability indicating assay
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is the most prevalent disease worldwide and requires constant monitoring. The trend in cardiovascular drug research has been to develop new compounds acting on very specific targets. Telmisartan C33H30N4O2, (2-[4-[[4-methyl-2-propyl-6-[1(trideuteriomethyl) benzimidazol -2-yl] benzimidazol-1-yl] methyl]phenyl] benzoic acid) is abenzimidazole derivative, It blocks the vasoconstrictor and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor.
It is safe with excellent therapeutic effect, having very few side-effects1, and is contraindicated during pregnancy. The half-life is 24 h. The chemical structure of the drug is shown in the below Fig. 1. UV Spectrophotometric 2-9 HPLC and HPTLC 10-17 methods are reported for estimation in Combination formulations and biological fluid.
FIG. 1: THE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF TELMISARTAN
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Instruments: The chromatography was performed on a Waters 2695 HPLC system, equipped with an autosampler, PDA detector, and Empower two software. Analysis was carried out at 226 nm with Kromasil C18 (4.6 × 150mm, 5 μm) dimensions at ambient temperature.
Chemicals and Reagents: Telmisartan Reference Standard, Methanol HPLC Grade, Ortho Phosphoric Acid Qualigens Fine Chemicals (Mumbai, India), Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate (Qualigens Fine, Chemicals, Mumbai, India), Acetonitrile HPLC (Qualigens Fine Chemicals, Mumbai, India) were procured from the local market.
Preparation of Buffer: 2.84 gram of Disodium hydrogen phosphate was accurately weighed and dissolved in 1000 ml HPLC grade water and sonicated for 3 min. The pH was adjusted to 3.0 with Ortho Phosphoric Acid.
Preparation of Mobile Phase: It was prepared by mixing of above buffer 400 ml (40%) and 600 ml of Acetonitrile HPLC grade (60%) and then it was sonicated for 5 min and filtered through 0.45µ filter membrane under vacuum filtration.
Diluent Preparation: Mobile phase was used as diluents.
Determination of λmax of Analyte (Telmisartan): The λmax of the Telmisartan standard solution (30µg/ml) was found with the help of UV-Visible Spectrophotometer mode of the instrument. The wavelength having maximum absorbance λmax was found to be 226 nm.
FIG. 2: UV SPECTRUM OF TELMISARTAN
Standard Stock Solution Preparation: Accurately weighed quantity of 10 mg of Telmisartan was transferred to 100ml volumetric flask containing 70 ml of diluents and sonicated for 3minutes to dissolve it completely and made up to the mark with diluents to obtain 100µg/ml.
Method Validation: The developed method was validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, and limit of detection, the limit of quantitation, robustness, and system suitability parameters as described in ICH guidelines 18.
Linearity: The concentration of the drug was prepared as given in Table 1.The linearity curve was constructed by taking concentration on the X-axis and Area on the Y-axis. The linear regression equation was found to be Y = 88278.08 X + 99607.46 and Co-relation coefficient (r2) = 0.999.The linearity data is given in Table 1. The calibration curve is given in Fig. 1. The representative chromatogram of the pure drug is shown in the below Fig. 2.
TABLE 1: LINEARITY DATA OF TELMISARTAN
|S. no.||Concentration (µg/ml)||Area|
FIG. 3: THE CALIBRATION CURVE OF TELMISARTAN
Assay of Tablets: Accurately weighed 10 mg of tablet sample (Telmisartan) equivalent powder sample was taken into a 100 ml clean dry volumetric flask which was dissolved with diluent and sonicated and made volume up to the mark with the diluent. 2 ml of Telmisartan of the above stock solution was taken into a 10 ml volumetric flask and made up to the mark with the diluents. The results of tablet analysis are given in Table 2. The chromatograms of the tablet sample are shown in the below Fig. 4.
FIG. 4: REPRESENTATIVE CHROMATOGRAM OF TELMISARTAN (30 µG/ML)
FIG. 5: REPRESENTATIVE CHROMATOGRAM OF TELMISARTAN TABLET SAMPLE SOLUTION
TABLE 2: RESULTS OF TABLET ANALYSIS (TELMISAT®)
|Formulation Conc. (µg/ml)||Area||Found Conc. (µg/ml)||Label Claim (mg/tab)||% Assay||% RSD|
Precision: The precision of the method was evaluated by carrying repeatability in the same day (intra-day) and inter-day precision studies. The percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) of each study was calculated and was found to be less than 1 % showing the method was precise.
TABLE 3: RESULTS OF SYSTEM SUITABILITY PARAMETER
|Parameter||Results of Telmisartan|
|Retention time (minutes)||2.728|
|USP Plate count||1764.63|
|Repeatability (% RSD )||0.47|
System Suitability: It was carried out on a freshly prepared standard stock solution of Telmisartan (30 µg/ml), and the results of parameters were obtained by five replicate injections. The system suitability results are shown in Table 3.
Specificity: The peak purity of Telmisartan was assessed by comparing the retention time (Rt) of standard Telmisartan. A good correlation was also found between the retention time of standard and sample of Telmisartan.
Accuracy: It was found out by recovery study using standard addition method. Known amounts of standard Telmisartan were added to pre-analyzed samples at a level from 80 % upto 120% and then subjected to the proposed HPLC method. Results of recovery studies are shown in Table 4.
TABLE 4: RECOVERY DATA OF TELMISARTAN
|% Level of recovery||Formulation (µg/ml)||Amount of drug added (µg/ml)||Amount of drug found (µg/ml)||C.I.||%RSD||SE||t|
SD: Standard deviation, SE: standard error, C.I.: Confidence Interval within which true value may be found at 95% confidence level = R ± ts/√n, R: Mean percent result of analysis of Recovery study (n = 4). Theoretical ‘t’ determined with respect to LOD and LOQ. The LOD and LOQ were separately determined based values at 95% confidence level for n-1 degrees of freedom t (0.05, 3) = 3.182
Sensitivity: The sensitivity of the method was on the standard calibration curve. The lower limit of detection and limit of quantitation were found to be 0.256 and 0.776 µg/ml, respectively.
Forced Degradation Studies:
Acid Degradation Sample: Twenty tablets were accurately weighed and finely powdered. An accurately weighed portion of tablet sample powder equivalent to 10 mg of Telmisartan was transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask containing 50 ml of the 0.1 N HCl. The content of the flask was sonicated for 10mins and kept for 1hours at 40 °C, then cooled to room temperature, neutralized with 0.1N base (Sodium hydroxide), and diluted to volume with diluent. 5 ml of the above tablet sample solution was filtered through 0.45 μ membrane filter paper and transferred into a 10 ml volumetric flask, and then it was diluted with the diluents. Representative acid degradation chromatogram of Telmisartan is shown in the below Fig. 6.
FIG. 6: REPRESENTATIVE ACID DEGRADATION CHROMATOGRAM OF TABLET SAMPLE
Base Degradation Sample: Twenty tablets were accurately weighed and finely powdered. An accurately weighed portion of tablet sample powder equivalent to 10 mg of Telmisartan was transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask containing 50 ml of the 0.1 N NaOH. The content of the flask was sonicated for 10mins and kept for 1 h at 40 °C, then cooled to room temperature, neutralized with 0.1N HCl, and diluted to volume with diluent. 5 ml of the above tablet sample solution was filtered through 0.45 μ membrane filter paper and transferred into a 10ml volumetric flask, and then it was diluted with the diluents. The representative base degradation chromatogram of Telmisartan is shown in the below Fig. 7.
FIG 7: REPRESENTATIVE BASE DEGRADATION CHROMATOGRAM OF TELMISARTAN
Oxidative Degradation: Twenty tablets were accurately weighed and finely powdered. An accurately weighed portion of tablet sample powder equivalent to 10 mg of Telmisartan was transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask containing 50 ml of the 3% H2O2.
The content of the flask was sonicated for 10mins and kept for 1 h at 4 0 °C, then cooled to room temperature and diluted to volume with 3% H2O2. 5 ml of the above tablet sample solution was filtered through 0.45 μ membrane filter paper and transferred into a 10 ml volumetric flask, and then it was diluted with the diluents. Representative oxidative degradation chromatogram of Telmisartan is shown in the below Fig. 8. The results of the forced degradation studies results are shown in Table 5.
FIG. 8: REPRESENTATIVE OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION CHROMATOGRAM OF TELMISARTAN
Thermal Degradation: Twenty tablets were accurately weighed and finely powdered. An accurately weighed portion of tablet sample powder equivalent to 10 mg of Telmisartan was transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask containing 50 ml of the diluent. The content of the flask was sonicated for 10 min and kept for 2 h at 80 °C, then cooled to room temperature and diluted to volume with diluent. 5ml of the above tablet sample solution was filtered through 0.45 μ membrane filter paper and transferred into a 10 ml volumetric flask, and then it was diluted with the diluents. Representative thermal degradation chromatogram of Telmisartan is shown in the below Fig. 9. The results of the forced degradation studies results are shown in the Table 6.
FIG. 9: REPRESENTATIVE THERMAL DEGRADATION CHROMATOGRAM OF THE SAMPLE
TABLE 5: RESULTS OF THE FORCED DEGRADATION STUDIES OF TABLET SAMPLE
|Stress conditions||Degradation (Time) (Hr)||Telmisartan|
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The method was tried by utilizing different types of mobile phase compositions and different ratios of buffer and acetonitrile i.e. 70+30, 30+70, 50+50, and 60+40. The buffer and acetonitrile ratio was having 40% and 60% given the best chromatographic peak having Rt 2.728 min. The modalities adopted in experimentation were successfully validated as per analytical procedures laid down in routine.
The proposed method was validated by preliminary analysis of the standard sample and by recovery studies. The percentage of average recoveries was obtained in the range of 97.65 to 102.13. The results of average recoveries obtained in each instance were compared with the theoretical value of 100 percent by means of Student’s t test. As the calculated‘t’ values are less than theoretical ‘t’ values in Table 5, it is concluded that the results of recoveries obtained in agreement with 100 percent for each analyte are accurate.
The absence of additional peaks in the chromatogram indicates a non-interference of the common excipients used in the tablets. The lower limit of detection and limit of quantitation were found to be 0.2563 and 0.7767 µg/ml, respectively.
Percentage relative standard deviation (%RSD) was found to be less than 2 % for all the parameters in the robustness study, which proves that method is robustness. Stress studies were performed by exposing the drug to 0.1 N HCl, 0.1 N NaOH, 3% H2O2, and thermal condition, and it was found that the drug was reasonably degraded (≤ 30 %) in acidic, basic, thermal, and oxidative medium, which is acceptable as per ICH guidelines.
CONCLUSION: The developed stability-indicating assay method is new, simple, linear, accurate, sensitive, precise, robust, and reproducible. Thus, the developed method can be easily used for the routine quality control of bulk and tablet dosage form.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors are thankful to Pharma Train, Balaji Nagar, and Kukatpally Hyderabad for providing the necessary facilities to carry out this research work.
CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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How to cite this article:
Sahu LK, Si S and Patro SK: Stability indicating assay of telmisartan in tablets. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2022; 13(1): 439-44. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.13(1).439-44.
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L. K. Sahu *, S. Si and S. K. Patro
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
14 March 2021
21 May 2021
02 June 2021
01 January 2022