SUBSTANCE USE AND SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIOR AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV TRANSMISSION IN SOUTHERN ETHIOPIAAbstract
Background: Evidences notify that most of higher learning students rush to range of maladaptive high-risk activities like, substance and sexual abuse which predispose to HIV. More often this is unrecognized and not well researched.
Objective: To determine magnitude of substance use and risky sexual behavior for HIV transmission among students in Hosanna Health Science College from December 1, 2010 to December 30, 2010.
Methods and Materials: Cross sectional study undertaken among statistically determined (n) =428 and randomly selected Students from all departments and years of study in Hossana Health Science College. Piloted and self-administered questionnaire were used to collect data. Summary measures like mean, chi-square and regression were utilized to quantify magnitude and identify independently associated factors.
Results: Majority 267 (63.1%) of study participants were female, and 379 (89.5%) in age group (17-24). From 423 participants, 330(78.0%) were, sexually experienced. Khat (27.7%) and Alcohol (21.7%) were the commonly used substances and having multiple sexual partners (47.6%), inconsistent condom use (20.0%) were common sexual risk behaviors for HIV transmission. Female [AOR=1.5], fresh students [OR=2.4] and alcohol users [OR=3.5] were more likely to engage in sexual risk practices.
Conclusions: Substance use andrisky sexual practices were significantly higher among study participants. Practicing sex with multiple partners, inconsistent condom use and commencing sex with female commercial sex workers, which were highly risky sexual behaviors for HIV infection transmission among study participants, were commonly practiced among study participants.
Likawunt Samuel and Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo*
Clinical Pharmacy Course Team, Pharmacy Department, Jimma University, Ethiopia
01 December, 2011
15 January, 2012
27 March, 2012
01 April, 2012