SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL STUDY OF RARE EARTH COMPLEXES OF SCHIFF BASE DERIVED FROM 4-AMINO-3-HYDROXY BENZOIC ACIDHTML Full Text
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL STUDY OF RARE EARTH COMPLEXES OF SCHIFF BASE DERIVED FROM 4-AMINO-3-HYDROXY BENZOIC ACID
Atish R. Mehetre * and Vijay N. Bhosale
Department of Chemistry, Shivaji Arts, Commerce and Science College, Kannad, Aurangabad - 431103, Maharashtra, India.
ABSTRACT: Schiff base was prepared by using 4-amino-3-hydroxy benzoic acid and 4-nitrobenzaldehyde, namely (E)-3-hydroxy-4-((4-nitrobenzylidene) amino)benzoic acid. In the preparation of rare earth complexes, nitrates of lanthanum, Cerium, and Praseodymium were used with Schiff base. Rare earth Schiff base complexes were prepared by using NaOH to maintain the pH of solvent. Synthesized Schiff base ligand and its complexes were structurally characterized by UV, IR, NMR, HRMS, TGA, and elemental analysis. Structural characterization shows 1:2 metal to ligand ratio in the complexes. The electronic absorption spectra of the ligands and their metal complexes are recorded after preparing the solution and after standing the solution for 3 weeks in DMF. No appreciable change was observed in the spectrum with time. Free ligands and their metal complexes have different electronic spectra’s and blue shift observed in complexes which support the complex formation. HRMS are in good agreement with calculated values, which confirms the proposed structure of ligand. Carboxylate group of Schiff base ligand shows bidentate the coordination to central metal and azomethine group is not involved in coordination. TGA shows the presence of lattice and coordinated water molecules in complexes. The present study deals with antibacterial and antifungal activity of Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes by disc diffusion method. In the study of antibacterial activity of the free Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes were screened in-vitro against gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis as well as with gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with Chloramphenicol as standard drug. In the study of antifungal activity of the free Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes were screened in-vitro against Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae with Amphotericin B as a standard drug. Schiff base ligand and complexes showed good antimicrobial activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Antimicrobial,4-amino-3-hydroxy benzoic acid, Schiff base, Rare Earth, Complexes
INTRODUCTION: The growth of bacteria, fungi, and soil nematodes is inhibited by rare-earth ions. Except for radioactive promethium, most of the rare earth elements had antibacterial and antifungal properties which are comparable to copper ions.
These elements also showed nematicidal properties because they disrupt the nematode's embryonic growth 1.
Due to the unique properties of rare-earth ions, for example, radiation emission or magnetism, approve to rare-earth ions to be applied in many various therapeutic and diagnostic uses in current medicine 2, Because of their high medical importance, the rare earth cerium element and its Ce(III) complexes have been attracted worldwide attention in recent years.
Rare earth and their compounds playing important role as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant, in cancer prevention and treatment, and in arterial hardening prevention and treatment 3. Rare-earth doped with ZnO nanoparticles were studied for their photocatalytic and antimicrobial activities and found that the anti-microbial activities of these compounds are increased than the standard control 4. Metal ion interactions with medicinal drugs are topic of significant attention because rare-earth ions with drugs can produce unique antibacterial and anticancer properties. Some medications are known to operate by chelating metals or inhibiting the development of metalloenzymes. As a result, metals can be essential in the biological course of drug utilization in the body 5. Carboxylic acid ligand having O-atom and neutral ligand having N-atom played a role as antenna to sensitize the rare-earth ions. Furthermore, the rigid aromatic carboxylic acid can form a bond between central metal ion and ligand by several coordination modes, and these types of rare earth complexes displayed good antibacterial activity against the Candida albicans 6.
4-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid Schiff base is used in the preparation of various pharmaceutical compounds such as sphingosine kinase inhibitors 7. Bidentate or multidentate Schiff base ligands with flexible donor atoms are more suitable ligand systems for stabilizing metal complexes, due to donor atom actively supports for the coordination to one another, and such complexes have good biological activity 8. Schiff bases of amino acids have shown excellent antiaflatoxigenic activity 9. Literature survey reveals that rare earth complexes have attracted attention in the medicinal field in recent years because the rare-earth ions are potential local luminescent probes for diagnostic application in biological systems and potential applications in areas as diverse as catalysis optics, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 10. Schiff bases and their derivatives are competent to form stable complexes with rare earth and found that rare earth complexes exhibit the anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal activity, and the complexes of Ce, Gd, and Nd show extensive antifungal activity. Coumarin and its related compounds in complexes with rare earth show the photo biological properties, antitumor, anti-leukemia, and anti-HIV activities 11.
Keeping this in view, Schiff base and its rare earth complexes were prepared and characterized by UV, IR, NMR, HRMS, TGA, and elemental analysis. Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemicals used in the present investigation were purchased from S.D. Fine and Alfa aesar. 1H NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker-AV 400 MHz spectrometer using chloroform-d as solvent and TMS as an internal standard. The infrared spectra (4000–400 cm-1) were recorded by using KBr pellet on Shimadzu IR Affinity-1. UV measurements were taken on Shimadzu UV-1800 spectrophotometer. Elemental analyses were performed with Flash EA 1112 elemental analyzer. TGA was performed at a heating rate of 20 oC/min under nitrogen atmosphere in the range of ambient temperature to 850 °C. In the antimicrobial activity microorganism used, its strain name and reference are as [Gram+ve bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (NCIM 2079) and Bacillus subtilis NCIM 2250], [Gram-ve bacteria Escherichia coli (NCIM 2109) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (NCIM 2036)] and [Fungi (yeast) Aspergillus niger (NCIM 545) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NCIM 3050)].[NCIM: National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune 411008 (India)].
Synthesis of Schiff Base: (E)-3-hydroxy-4-((4-nitrobenzylidene)amino)benzoic acid) Schiff base [L] was prepared by using 4-amino-3-hydroxy benzoic acid (0.002 m) was dissolved in ethanol and mixed with 4-nitrobenzaldehyde (0.002 m) dissolved in ethanol and stirred for 15 min at 60 °C. A yellow solid product was obtained and washed with methanol. Obtained product was filtered, dried and melting point was taken 12.
Yield-80%, M.P. 295-297, H1NMR: 8.88δ(1H, S, HC=N), 12.87(1H, S, OH-COOH), 9.70(1H, S, Ar-OH), 8.25-8.40(4H, M, Ar-H), 7.26-7.49(3H, Ar-H), IR(cm-1): 1626(-HC=N-), 1692(-C=O, COOH), 3433(Ar-OH). Elemental Analysis calcd: C, 58.74; H, 3.52; N, 9.79; O, 27.95, Found: C, 58.44; H, 3.82; N, 9.75; O, 27.99, HRMS for C14H10N2O5 [M+H] calcd: 287.0668, found: 287.0664.
Synthesis of Rare Earth Complexes: The complexes were prepared by using nitrate of Lanthanum, Cerium and Praseodymium. To an ethanolic solution of Schiff base ligand (0.004 mol) containing NaOH (0.004 mol), lanthanide nitrate (0.002 mol) in 10 mL ethanol was added drop wise with constant stirring for half an hour on hot plate at 60 °C, in the solution metal to ligand ratio is 1:2. A solid product was obtained filtered off, washed with ethanol 13.
FIG. 1: SCHEME OF REACTION
TABLE 1: ANALYTICAL AND PHYSICAL DATA OF THE SCHIFF BASE LIGAND (L) AND ITS COMPLEXES
|Molecular Formula||Mol. Wt.||M.P. °C||Colour||Calculated/Found %|
Antimicrobial Activity: The present study deals with antibacterial and antifungal activity of Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes by disc diffusion method. In the study of antibacterial activity of the free Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes were screened in-vitro against gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis as well as with gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with Chloramphenicol as standard drug. In the study of antifungal activity of the free Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes were screened in-vitro against Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae with Amphotericin B as standard drug. Antibacterial activities were carried out by the paper disc plate method 14, 15. The nutrient agar medium and 6 mm diameter paper discs were used. The compounds were dissolved in DMSO, making known stock solution. The Whatmann no. 42 paper discs of 6 mm in diameter were soaked; after that, they were cut and sterilized in an autoclave. Paper discs were soaked in desired concentration of the compounds were placed aseptically in the plates containing nutrient agar media seeded with Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains separately. The plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 h and inhibition zones were recorded in terms of diameter, which is zone of inhibition of the growth of bacteria. The antibacterial activity of a standard drug Chloramphenicol was also recorded by maintaining the same protocol at the same concentrations.
Antifungal activities were carried out by the paper disc plate method 14, 15. The potato dextrose agar medium and 6 mm diameter paper discs were used. The compounds were dissolved in DMSO making known stock solution. The Whatmann No. 42 paper discs of 6 mm in diameter were soaked, after that they were cut and sterilized in an autoclave. Paper discs were soaked in desired concentration of the compounds were placed aseptically in the plates containing potato dextrose agar media seeded Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae on MGYP medium separately. The plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 h and inhibition zones were recorded in terms of diameter, which is zone of inhibition of growth of fungi.
The Antifungal activity of a standard drug Amphotericin B was also recorded.
TABLE 2: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF LIGAND AND ITS COMPLEXES (DISC DIFFUSION ASSAY)
|Test Compound||S. aureus||B. subtilis||E. coli||P. aeruginosa||A. niger||S. cerevisiae|
Diameter in mm calculated by Vernier Caliper, ‘-’ means no zone of inhibition, NA- Not applicable
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In the investigation, the Schiff base ligand [L] and its rare earth complexes were prepared and characterized by using sophisticated analytical instrument techniques. The ligand [L] was synthesized by the condensation of 4-amino-3-hydroxy benzoic acid with 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and characterized by UV–Vis, FT-IR, 1HNMR, HRMS and elemental analysis. All the Ln(III) complexes were synthesized as per the scheme given in Fig. 1, in which Ln(NO3)3.xH2O was used as the source of metal and they correspond to the formula [Ln(III)(L)2(H2O)2].2H2O. All the complexes were stable in air and non-hygroscopic, some of them completely and some of the sparingly soluble in DMSO and DMF. Their characterization analysis as follows
NMR: Schiff base ligand [L] formation was confirmed by NMR, a strong singlet pick observed at 8.88 δ assigned to azomethine proton 16 and a singlet observed for aromatic hydroxyl (OH) proton at 9.70 δ. The acidic proton of Carboxylic group observed singlet at 12.87 δ 17. Four protons of aromatic ring attached to nitro group observed at 8.25 to 8.40 δ and second aromatic ring protons observed at 7.26 to 7.49 δ 18.
IR: The Schiff base ligand [L] infrared spectrum displayed a strong band at 1626 cm-1 assigned to [HC=N] the azomethine group 19, and carbonyl [C=O] of COOH group observed at 1692 cm-1 20. Strong band found at 3433 cm-1 21, 22 which may be assigned to the stretching frequencies of aromatic hydroxyl group. Aromatic ring C=C stretching frequency found at 1588 cm-1 23. In the complexes, azomethine group does not participate in coordination, it does not show considerable change in their frequencies, and carboxylate group shows bidentate coordination. Asymmetric and symmetric stretching frequencies between the range 1527 cm-1 to 1546 cm-1 and 1394 cm-1 to 1431 cm-1 respectively, have ∆ difference between 106 cm-1 to 133 cm-1 which confirms bidentate coordination 24. The metal-oxygen band found between the range 447 cm-1 and 449 cm-1 25.
TABLE 3: IR STRETCHING FREQUENCIES (CM-1) OF LIGAND AND COMPLEXES
UV: UV–Vis spectra of ligand and complexes were measured at 1×10-4 molL-1 using DMF as solvent. The electronic absorption spectra of complexes are different from that of the free ligands, which indicates the formation of new complexes. The electronic absorption spectra of Schiff base ligand and complexes are compared. The electronic absorption peak positions obtained are used to assign the observed λmax values to prominent chromophores, such as >C = N, -OH group and benzene ring present in the ligands. The electronic absorption spectra of the ligands are recorded after preparing the solution and later on, allowing it to stand in DMF for three weeks. It was found that no appreciable change in the spectrum with time. The ligand's absorption is characterized by key absorption bands in the 200-600 nm range. The benzene ring exhibits three characteristic absorptions at 257,263 and 287 nm; all assigned to π→π* type transitions. Bands observed due to the η⟶π* transition of the C=N chromophores found at 385 nm which changes and shows a blue shift, which may occur because of coordination of ligand to central metal ion. The complexes of lanthanum, Cerium, and Praseodymium displayed the blue shift in the electronic absorption spectrum 26.
HRMS: HRMS were recorded on Bruker Compass Data Analysis 4.2 from Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune. Results obtained in mass spectroscopy are compared with calculated mass and the ligand found mass is in good agreement with calculated. For Schiff base ligand [L] calculated mass [M+H] is 287.0668 and it is found at 287.0664 in high-resolution mass spectroscopy.
Thermo Gravimetric Analysis: Thermo gravimetric analysis was carried out for the Schiffbase Ce(III) complex within the temperature range from ambient temperature to 850 °C under N2 flow. Corresponding weight losses are discussed in terms of proposed formula of the complex with the correlation between the different decomposition steps of Ce(III) complex. The water content was determined by the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In the thermogram of Ce(III) complex, the coordinated water molecules and lattice water molecules decomposes with a weight loss about 10.56% 27. The TGA results showed that the Schiff base ligand [L] is thermally stable at room temperature and complex decomposes with a weight loss of 48.87%. Finally, these processes were followed by the last step in which oxidation of Ce(III) occurs to give the corresponding oxide as residue 28.
FIG. 2: TGA OF [Ce(III)L2(H2O)2].2H2O COMPLEX
Antimicrobial Activity: The Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes were tested for their antibacterial activity against gram-positive strains Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis and against gram-negative strains Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The inhibitory zone data reveals that both Schiff base ligand and their complexes show inhibition against these bacterial strains. Although with respect to standard, the majority of the tested compounds were found to be moderately active. The La(III) complex displayed increased activity than the free ligand against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the antifungal activity, inhibitory zone data reveals that both Schiff base ligand and their complexes showed a zone of inhibition against Saccharomyces cerevisiae and not against Aspergillus niger. With respect to the standard majority of the tested compounds were found to be moderately active against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The metal complexes showed 7.01 to 21.14 mm zone of inhibition. The result of the investigation found that the ligand showed good activity with 27.12 mm zone of inhibition against strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is near to standard drug.
CONCLUSION: Schiff base ligand and its complexes were prepared by using 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid. Ligand shows the formation of imine bridge between aldehyde and amine group. Synthesized compounds were confirmed by UV, IR, NMR, HRMS, TGA, and elemental analysis, and all the characterization data were in good agreement with illustrated structures. In the complexes, azomethine group does not participate in the coordination, it does not show considerable change in their frequencies, and the carboxylate group shows bidentate coordination to central lanthanide metal ion. In the UV-Vis spectra, complexes displayed blue shifts, which support the formation of the complex. The present study deals with the antibacterial and antifungal activity of Schiff base ligand and their Ln(III) complexes by disc diffusion method. Schiff base ligand and complexes showed good antimicrobial activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. With respect to the standard majority of the tested compounds were found to be moderately active against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The La(III) complex displayed increased activity than the free ligand against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Ligand showed good activity in the zone of inhibition against strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is near to standard drug.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Authors acknowledge the support from CSIR-NCL, Pune. Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune for structural characterizations. The authors would also like to thank Principal Shivaji Arts, Commerce and Science College Kannad for providing the necessary laboratory facilities.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
- Wakabayashi T, Ymamoto A, Kazaana A, Nakano Y, Nojiri Y and Kashiwazaki M: Antibacterial, antifungal and nematicidal activities of rare earth ions. Biological Trace Element Research 2016; 174(2): 464-70.
- Balaram V: Rare earth elements: a review of applications, occurrence, exploration, analysis, recycling, and environmental impact. Geoscience Frontiers 2019; 10: 1285-1303.
- Yu T, Guo Y, Ning B, Gao P and Huang Y: Improving antimicrobial activity of carbon/gelatin composite by Ce(III). Inter Journal of Polymer Science 2019: 1-8.
- Prathapkumar M, Josephine GAS, Tamilarasan G, Sivasamy A and Sridev J: Rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterialsand its photocatalyticand antimicrobial activities. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 2018; 6(4): 3907-17.
- Yang L, Tao D, Yang X, Li Y and Guo Y: Synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial activities of some rare earth metal complexes of pipemidic acid. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 2003; 51(5): 494–98.
- Zhou MX, Ren N, Zhang JJ and Wang DQ: Synthesis, crystal structure, thermal, luminescent property and antibacterial activity of lanthanide ternary complexes with p-chlorobenzoic acid and 5,5′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine. Journal of Molecular Structure, Journal of Molecular Structure 2020; 1200: 127049.
- Chika O, Shinji T, Shuichiro M and Kenji A: A novel coupled enzyme assay reveals an enzyme responsible for the deamination of a chemically unstable intermediate in the metabolic pathway of 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid in Bordetella Sp. Strain 10d. Eur J Biochem 2004; 271(15): 3248-54.
- Jamuna K, Reddy DHK, Kumar BN, Ramana DKV and Seshaiah K: Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of Cu(Ii) and Ni(Ii) complexes of 3-hydroxy- 4-(pyridine-2-yl-methylene amino) benzoic acid, orient. J Chem 2011; 27(3): 1141-47.
- Harohally NV, Cherita C, Bhatt P and Appaiah KAA: Antiaflatoxigenic and antimicrobial activities of schiff bases of 2‑hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde, cinnamaldehyde, and similar aldehydes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2017; 65: 8773-78.
- Pavelek L, Ladányi V, Nečas M, Moravec Z and Wichterle K: Synthesis and characterization of lanthanide complexes with a pentadentatetriazine-based ligand. Polyhedron 2016; 119: 134-41.
- Kuntal P, Pravin P, Manish B and Jabali V: A review: lanthanide complexes and their biological importance. RJLBPCS 2018; 4(5): 803-13.
- Nyawade EA, Onani MO, Meyer S and Dube P: Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity studies of new 2-pyrral-l-amino acid schiff base Palladium (ii) complexes. Chemical Papers 2020; 74(11): 3825-37.
- Alghool S, Zoromba MS and El-Halim HFA: Lanthanide amino acid schiff base complexes: synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, physical properties and in vitro antimicrobial studies. Journal of Rare Earths 2013; 31(7): 715-21.
- Jorgensen JH and Turnidge: Susceptibility test methods: dilution and disk diffusion methods, In Manual of Clinical Microbiology (Volume II), Ed. Murray P. R., Baron E. J., Jorgensen J. H., Landry M. L. Pfaller M. A 2007: 1152‐73.
- EspinelIngroff and Pfaller MA: Susceptibility Test Methods: Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi, In Manual of Clinical Microbiology (Volume II), Ed. Murray P. R., Baron E. J., Jorgensen J. H., Landry M. L. Pfaller M. A. 2007: 1972‐86.
- Dehghani-Firouzabadi A and Firouzmandi S: Synthesis and characterization of a new unsymmetrical potentially pentadentate schiff base ligand and related complexes with Manganese(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Zinc(II) and Cadmium(II). Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 2016; 28(5): 768-74.
- Sartaj T, Musheer A, Mohd A, Mehvash Z and Parimal KB: Synthesis and structure elucidation of a Copper(II) Schiff-Base complex: in vitro DNA binding,Pbr322 plasmid cleavage and HSA binding studies. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiologyb: Biology 2014; 140: 321-31.
- Imène B, Djouhra A, Ali O, Raúl B, Sofane B and Emilia M: Synthesis and characterization of a novel non‑symmetrical bidentate schiff base ligand and its Ni(II) complex: electrochemical and antioxidant studies. Chemical Papers 2020; 74: 3825-37.
- Ahmad N, Anouar EH, Tajuddin AM, Ramasamy K, Yamin BM and Bahron H: Synthesis, characterization, quantum chemical calculations and anticancer activity of a schiff base NNOO chelate ligand and Pd(II) Complex. Plos One 2020; 15(4): E0231147.
- Saleem H, Subashchandrabose S, Erdogdu Y, Thanikachalam V and Jayabharathi J: FT-IR, Ft-Raman Spectral and Conformational Studies on (E)-2-(2-Hydroxybenzylidenamino)-3-(1h-Indol-3yl) Propionic Acid. SpectrochimicaActa Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2013; 101: 91-99.
- Basavaraj M, Kalshetty A, Shambuling S, Karabasannavar B, Ramesh S, Gani B, Mallikarjun B and Kalashetti C: Synthesis, characterization and anti-microbial study of some organometallic complexes of multi-dentate schiff bases derived from3-aldehydosalicylic acid at various pH-ranges. Drug Invention Today 2013; 5: 105-12.
- Abd El-Wahab ZH: Mononuclear metal complexes of organic carboxylic acid derivatives: synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, thermal investigation and antimicrobial activity. Spectrochimica Acta Part A 2007; 67: 25-38.
- Shiy SM, Cheny ZF, Liuy YC, Maoy L, Liangy H and Zhou ZY: Synthesis and crystal structures of lanthanide complexes with foliage growth regulator: phenoxyalkanoic acid. Journal of Coordination Chemistry 2008; 61(17): 2725-34.
- Bartyzel A: Synthesis, thermal study and some properties of N2O4 -donor schiff base and its Mn(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) And Zn(II) Complexes. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 2016; 127(3): 2133-47.
- Kuntal NP, Manish PB, Jabali JV and Pravin BP: 3d-Transition metal chelates of schiff base ligand: synthesis, catalysis and antibacterial study. Research Journal of Life Sciences, Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences 2019; 5(2): 763.
- Abeer AS, Abdul-Hamid E, Mariusz J and Mostafa AH: Transition metal complexes of 6-mercaptopurine: characterization, theoretical calculation, DNA-binding, molecular docking, and anticancer activity. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2021; 35: E6041.
- Salwa AH: Synthesis and electrochemical studies of some metal complexes with phosphorus schiff base ligand. Int J Electrochem Sci 2013; 8: 12387-401.
- Wan-Yun Huang AB, Zi-Lu CB, Hua-Hong ZB, Dong-Cheng LB and Fu-Pei LB: Syntheses, Structures, and Fluorescence Properties of Cadmium(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes Based On 1,10-Binaphthalenyl-2,20-Diamine-N,N,N0,N0-Tetraacetic Acid. Polyhedron 2013; 50: 1-9.
How to cite this article:
Mehetre AR and Bhosale VN: Synthesis characterization and antimicrobial study of rare earth complexes of schiff base derived from 4-amino-3-hydroxy benzoic acid. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2021; 12(7): 3774-80. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.12(7).3774-80.
All © 2013 are reserved by the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
A. R. Mehetre * and V. N. Bhosale
Department of Chemistry, Shivaji Arts, Commerce and Science College, Kannad, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.
07 February 2020
05 May 2021
16 May 2021
01 July 2021