TRADITIONAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM (L.) MATON – A REVIEWAbstract
The Elettaria Maton genera belonging to the Zingiberaceae family is native to South India to West Malesia. From ancient times this genus has been largely explored for its biological properties. Various pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects have been related to this genus. E. cardamomum also acts as an Ayurvedic aphrodisiac and remedy in case of digestive problems, asthma, bronchitis, and urinary complaints, and several other human ailments; this review aims to provide a critical and comprehensive evaluation of the traditional and current medical uses of E. cardamomum, and compare these applications with modern research studies. Cardamom contains various chemical constituents such as proteins, minerals, lipids, carbohydrates, terpenoids and carotenoids, flavonoids, and essential oils, and its capsules is widely used as a spice and flavoring ingredient in foods. This critical review also discusses the botanical distribution, phytochemical constituents, and biological activities of its extracts and essential oil.
S. Kumar and R. Kumari *
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidhyalaya, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India.
03 August 2020
06 September 2020
23 May 2021
01 August 2021