A COMPREHENSIVE PHARMACOGNOSTIC REVIEW: MANILKARA HEXANDRA (ROXB.) DUBARDAbstract
The aim of this review paper is to provide throughout the information of Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard, used as a Khirni or Rayon in most of the tropical regions of India. It is native to India, mainly distributed as a wild tree in the southern part and North-central part of India. It is widely spread in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Maharashtra our efforts are to collect valuable information with respect to morphology, microscopy, phytoconstituents and pharmacological aspect of the plant. The plant contains major phytoconstituents such as protobassic acid, 16-ahydroxyprotobassic acid, taraxerol, a triterpene ketone, alpha and beta-amyrin, cinnamates, alpha-sipnasterol, beta-sitosterol, its beta-D-glucoside, quercitol, quercetin and its dihydroderivatives, ursolic acid. Traditionally, the whole plant is employed as astringent, refrigerant, aphrodisiac, alexipharmic, stomachic, anthelmintic, for reliving fever, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, helminthiasis, hyperdipsia, burning sensation. All these compounds claimed to possess various pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, antidiuretic and so on.