A REVIEW OF THE ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF FAVIPIRAVIRAbstract
Favipiravir is, an antiviral agent, used to treat diseases caused by RNA viruses like Ebola virus, SARS-CoV-2, Influenza virus, Polio measles etc. The prodrug Favipiravir enters the infected cells through endocytosis and undergo metabolism to become an active drug. An active form of Favipiravir selectively targets the catalytic domain of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and then interrupts the nucleotide incorporation process during viral RNA replication. This dysregulation of viral RNA replication results in mutations where the replacement of guanine by adenine and cytosine by thymine occurs. This ultimately induces destructive mutagenesis in RNA viruses. Currently, Favipiravir is available in tablet and intravenous dosage forms. The following analytical methods have been carried over for Favipiravir: UV, HPLC, LC-MS/MS, Spectrofluorometric method, and HPTLC-densitometric techniques are reported as per literature. The present paper illustrates the review of analytical methods which involve the estimation of Favipiravir in bulk or dosage form. The review also describes the scope and limitations of many published analytical methods for the analysis of Favipiravir. This detailed review article will be of great help to the researcher who is working on Favipiravir.
V. Pruthvishree and Zaranappa *
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Government College of Pharmacy, Subbaiah Circle, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
25 July 2022
18 October 2022
03 November 2022
01 May 2022