A REVIEW OF THE EXTENT OF EXPLORED POTENTIAL FOR PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF DURANTA ERECTA LEAVESAbstract
Phytomedicines from herbal plants are widely used as a home remedy in ancient times to maintain the normal health of human beings. As per World Health Organization (WHO) estimation, nearly 75-80% of the population in the world utilizes medicinal plants for their primary health care. Duranta erecta itself has antioxidant and anti-microbial activities and has been used in Africa and Asia to treat a wide range of diseases. Evaluation of the study is based on the phytochemical profile, anti-microbial and antioxidant activities of D. erecta to ascertain its health benefits in traditional medicine. Plant parts with antimalarial, anti-bacterial, antioxidant, anthelminthic, antifungal, antiparasitic, insecticidal, and cytotoxic activity have been reported to include leaves, fruit, stems, and flowers. Fruit, flowers, leaves, and stems were screened for the presence of phytochemicals such as iridoid glycoside, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, terpenes, tannins and sterols, C-alkylated flavonoids beta-sitosterol, naringenin, triterpenes saponins, steroidal glycosides. Plant extracts of D. erecta leaves that have antioxidant activities show potential effects in many conditions initiated by oxidative stress. This review reveals various medicinal use and the study of the presence of different Phytoconstituents of D. erecta leaves.