A REVIEW ON ANTI-BIOFILM INHIBITOR FROM PLANT ESSENTIAL OILSAbstract
Bacteria predominantly remain in a self-produced polymeric matrix, adherent to an inert or living surface. This microenvironment community of bacteria is known as biofilm. Commonly visualized as a slimy layer, a number of unique features distinguish biofilms from their planktonic counterparts. Formation of biofilms depends on the extracellular signals, mechanical, biochemical, environmental conditions and genetic factors in bacteria. The attachment of biofilms is an intriguing process which is regulated by several characteristics such as substratum, cell surface, and growth medium. These biofilms cause various infections and are of at most importance when concerned about public health. One of the challenges faced during antibacterial drug development is to create compounds to counter-attack the biofilm infections. In this study, antibiofilm activities of five essential oils (EUGENOL; CINNAMALDEHYDE; PIPERIDINE; LIMONENE) were discussed. This review consisting of explicit evidence proved that plants are indeed a wonderful source to provide naturally occurring compounds for development of therapeutic and preventive agents against infections caused by biofilms.
S. Anusriha and S. Ponnarmadha *
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India.
13 April 2019
08 August 2019
13 August 2019
01 January 2020