A REVIEW ON HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS INFECTION AND RETROVIRUSESAbstract
Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is generally known, is a unique type of virus (retrovirus). HIV is a slow virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a human condition in which the progressive failure of the immune system allows opportunistic infections and life-threatening cancers to spread. Retroviruses are a single positive susceptible RNA virus with a DNA mediator and binding parasite targeting a host cell. Retroviruses have risen to prominence in human pathology through their recent association with leukemia and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This virus infects species of vertebrates ranging from fish to primates and can cause various types of malignancies, homeopathy, immune diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. Since the Peyton Rous experimented more than 70 years ago, animal retroviruses have served as models for viral carcinogenesis, with oncogenes being discovered for the first time. The central goals of retrovirology today are the treatment and prevention of human and non-human diseases and the use of this virus in research. Recent studies have shown that retroviruses can be used in several ways, such as as a model for biological research, understanding genetics, and molecular and cellular biology studies.
Ganta Suhasin * and Ramisetti Sai Krishna
Department of Pharmacology, GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
05 February 2021
17 June 2021
21 June 2021
01 February 2022