A REVIEW ON INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE-RECENT PHARMACEUTICAL APPROACHES TO COMBAT ITAbstract
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic and relapsing intestinal inflammatory conditions, hallmarked by a disturbance in the bidirectional interaction between gut and brain. IBD is Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn‘s disease (CD). Conventional therapies are inadequate and are associated with several systemic side effects due to lack to localization of active moiety at the inflamed site. Treatment option range from small molecules to macromolecules (peptides, proteins and oligonucleotides) that target multiple therapeutic pathways, and dosed via injectable, oral or the rectal route for local bowel treatment. Conventional therapies are inadequate and are associated with several systemic side effects due to a lack of localization of active moiety at the inflamed site. But colonic drug targeting is a novel, potentially active area of research intended and focused on drug delivery for treating localized disease. Targeted drug delivery to the colon would ensure direct treatment at the disease site, lower dosing, and fewer systemic side effects.