A STUDY ON ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING PHARMACOVIGILANCE AMONG HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, ANDHRA PRADESHAbstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of the healthcare professionals about Pharmacovigilance in a tertiary care hospital, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was carried out on healthcare professionals (Faculties, Postgraduates, Interns & Nurses) to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Pharmacovigilance. Those who gave their consent to participate were included in the study. The obtained data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) statistical software, version 21. Qualitative variables were expressed as percentages and Chi-square test was used to compare the difference in correct responses for each question. For all statistical analysis p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 290 pretested questionnaires were distributed among the participants, out of whom 272 responded. The study results showed that more than 55% of the study participants had knowledge and attitude regarding Pharmacovigilance but in the matter of practice of Pharmacovigilance less percentage of participants had experience. A major difference was noted between ADR (Adverse drug reaction)-experienced (65.81 %) and ADR-reported (23.9 %) individuals. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that knowledge and attitude towards Pharmacovigilance is gradually improving among healthcare professionals, but unfortunately the actual practice of ADR reporting is still lacking among them. Hence, strengthening of such practice will help in the future success of Pharmacovigilance programmes.
Ravi Babu Komaram * and Midan Dhar
Department of Pharmacology, GSL Medical College & General Hospital, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India.
23 June, 2016
27 August, 2016
23 August, 2016
01 December, 201