A STUDY ON CLINICAL PROFILE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS IMPACT ON MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KERALAAbstract
Background: Metabolic syndrome has a significant impact on the severity and prognosis of various risk factors that may contribute to cardiovascular events. We examined the clinical profile and prevalence of MetS among MI patients along with the estimation of associated risk factors and determined the components of the MetS which conferred the paramount cardiovascular risk. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted for duration of 10 months on a total of 117 MI patients who were further categorized based on IDF criteria for MetS at a tertiary care hospital in India. Statistical analysis of collected data was done using SPSS 22 for windows version. Results: Among all the parameters used for defining MetS, positive predictive value was highest for fasting blood sugar (p=0.001) followed by high blood pressure (p=0.005) and elevated triglycerides (p=0.850). MetS was significantly more prevalent in MI patients with a prevalence of 51.28% (p<0.001). Conclusion: The study depicted high prevalence of MetS among MI patients which implies greater risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. A systematic approach in identifying components of Mets and provision of appropriate management strategies remains a vital step in preventing further cardiovascular complications and improving quality of life of individuals.
A. Pradeep * and L. Thomas
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Poonthavanam, Kizhattur, Kerala, India.
25 December, 2017
16 February, 2018
04 March, 2018
01 September, 2018