A STUDY ON IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS OF POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME BY CONDUCTING SURVEY AND MINIMIZING THEM THROUGH PATIENT COUNSELING AND ITS IMPACT ON QUALITY OF LIFEAbstract
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a very common Endocrine Disorder encountered in women in which there is an imbalance of female sex hormones. It is associated with problems such as menstrual irregularities, Hirsutism, Obesity, Insulin resistance, acne, and in later life infertility with Diabetes mellitus and uterine cancer. Objectives: 1. Identify the subjects who are at risk for PCOS. 2. To make awareness about PCOS among young subjects. This will help to modify their lifestyle and to have better reproductive life later. 3. To improve the quality of life by reducing the risk of complications. Methodology: The study design was a prospective observational study carried out in Sangareddy (Telangana state) for a period of 6 months. A Survey of 805 subjects was done to assess the knowledge of polycystic ovarian syndrome. The data was collected from the subjects by using a structured questionnaire. Results: Results indicated that there is 26.9% in the age group of 16-20 years and 36.4% in the age group of 21-25 years and 31.2% in the age group 26-30 years of surveyed girls were having PCOS symptoms. In our study in the age group of 16-20 years, 12% of the females were found to be with oligoovulation, 6.08% with anovulation, and 8.8% with hirsutism. In the age group of 21-25 years, 20% were found with oligoovulation, 7% with anovulation, and 11.6% with hirsutism. In the age group of 26-30 years, 12.5% with oligoovulation, 6.25% with anovulation, and 12.5% with hirsutism. Conclusion: Thorough knowledge of the disorder and counseling for adolescents should be included in the curriculum, which will provide awareness towards the disorder and lifestyle modifications. Accurate diagnosis at a younger age may be a key.
S. Budharam, S. Veeramreddy, D. S. Goluguri and A. Rajani *
Department of Pharmacy Practice, MNR College of Pharmacy, Sangareddy, Telangana, India.
04 November 2019
30 January 2020
13 March 2020
01 November 2020