AN OVERVIEW ON ARACHIS HYPOGAEA PLANTAbstract
The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a species in the legume family (Fabaceae). There are different varieties like Virgina group, Spanish group, Runner group, Valencia group, Tennessee red and Tennessee white. Peanut consists of 30 essential nutrients and phytonutrients. Peanuts are a good source of vitamins & metals. Peanut hulls consist of crude fiber, cellulose, water, crude protein, ash and fat. Chemical constituents present in the plant are acids, arachin, lecithin protein, flavonoids, beta-carotene, amino acids, minerals, fat, carbohydrates etc. It has varies pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anticancer, antihypertensive, neuroprotective, antimutagenic, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory. Peanuts can help to enrich the soil. Peanuts are legumes and are able to fix nitrogen in their roots. Peanut oil used as a liniments, plasters, soap & lubricant. Roots are used alternative fuel & cosmetic purpose. Peanut allergy is the most common cause of deaths from food allergy.
Karra Geetha*, Nadenla Ramarao , R. Shireesh Kiran , K. Srilatha , P. Mamatha , V. Umamaheswar Rao
Assistant Professor, CMR College of Pharmacy, Kandlakoya, Medchal, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
20 July, 2013
30 October, 2013
29 November, 2013
01 December 2013