ANTIBACTERIAL EVALUATION OF SOME COMMON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN ASAVA AND ARISHTA PREPARATIONAbstract
Various medicinal properties have been attributed to natural herbs. The use of traditional medicine is widespread in India. These herbal remedies are an important source for the discovery of new antimicrobials against the resistant strains of bacteria. Asavas and Arishtas are specially prepared ayurvedic medicines. They are alcoholic solutions containing all the active ingredients of the drugs of which they are compounded. Asavas are prepared by using herbal juices or herbs soaked in water while Arishtas are prepared by decoction. Different parts of medicinal plants are used traditionally for the preparation of specific asava or arishta that is effective against specific disorder. About 25 different medicinal plants commonly used were selected. Dried powders of these plants were extracted in water. The antibacterial activity of the extracts were then tested by agar well diffusion method against standard cultures of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella aerogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus thuringenesis. The individual extracts of Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica andWoodfordia fructicosa, Jaggery were active against the test pathogens. A combination of these raw materials as cited in literature commonly called as Lohasava, Punnarnavasava, Amritarishtha and Kirayatikadha were prepared and were found to be more effective than individual raw materials.
P.A. Dua* and S.D. Patankar
Guru Nanak College of Science, Allapalli Road, Ballarpur District Chandrapur-442 701, Maharashtra, India
02 April, 2013
07 June, 2013
26 July, 2013
01 August, 2013